Charles A. Frolik

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NRK fibroblasts exposed to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) show increased binding of radiolabeled epidermal growth factor (EGF) relative to untreated cells. The binding of another growth factor, rat insulin-like growth factor-II, is unaffected. The increase in EGF binding induced by TGF-beta is not due to inhibition of EGF processing nor to an(More)
The Cbfa1/Runx2 (referred to herein as Cbfa1) transcription factor has been shown to be essential for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation during embryogenesis. PTH given intermittently is a proven bone anabolic agent. Here, we investigated whether PTH regulates the expression and/or activity of Cbfa1 in osteoblastic cells and in a rat metatarsal(More)
Raloxifene (LY139481 HCl) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which blocks the effects of estrogen on some tissues, such as the breast and uterus, while mimicking estrogen in other tissues, such as bone. To study the origins of this unique pharmacology, we have prepared the major metabolites of raloxifene as chemical probes for examining the(More)
A separation procedure for retinoids based on reversephase high-pressure liquid chromatography with solvent mixtures of acetonitrile and water is described. The method may be applied to the screening of synthetic retinoids, which have potential for use in the prevention of cancer. It is easily adapted to a variety of biological samples and can be applied to(More)
Differentiation of Tera-2 human embryonal carcinoma cells by expo sure to 2.1 imi a-difluoromethylornithine resulted in changes in mor phology, a decrease in growth rate, and changes in the expression of SSEA-1 differentiation antigen. While the binding of 12SI-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) remained relatively constant during differentia tion,(More)
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