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A procedure has been developed for the iodination of human transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) with full retention of biological activity. Using the iodinated peptide, saturable receptors have been found for TGF-beta on normal rat kidney fibroblasts, a cell line that will grow in soft agar in the presence of TGFs but not in their absence. Scatchard(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)(1-34), given once daily, increases bone mass in a variety of animal models and humans with osteoporosis. However, continuous PTH infusion has been shown to cause bone loss. To determine the pharmacokinetic profile of PTH(1-34) associated with anabolic and catabolic bone responses, PTH(1-34) pharmacokinetic and serum biochemical(More)
The Cbfa1/Runx2 (referred to herein as Cbfa1) transcription factor has been shown to be essential for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation during embryogenesis. PTH given intermittently is a proven bone anabolic agent. Here, we investigated whether PTH regulates the expression and/or activity of Cbfa1 in osteoblastic cells and in a rat metatarsal(More)
A polypeptide transforming growth factor (TGF) that induces anchorage-dependent rat kidney fibroblasts to grow in soft agar has been isolated from human placenta and purified to homogeneity. This polypeptide is classified as a type beta TGF because it does not compete with epidermal growth factor (EGF) for membrane receptor sites but does require EGF for(More)
A neonatal rat metatarsal organ culture model has been employed to study the anabolic effects of Sonic/Indian hedgehog and BMP-4. In this culture system, a significant increase in endochondral ossification is measured by an increase in length of mineralized bone, after daily treatment for 7 days with Sonic hedgehog protein (Shh-N). Previous evidence(More)
Incubation of [3H]retinoic acid in the presence of hamster liver 10000g supernatant produces several metabolites that are more polar than the parent compound. Two of these metabolites are identical with synthetic all-trans-4-hydroxyretinoic acid and all-trans-4-oxoretinoic acid both in ultraviolet absorption and mass spectral characteristics and in(More)
Bone loss associated with postmenopausal osteoporosis can be reduced by treatment with antiresorptive agents such as estrogen or bisphosphonates. Whereas bisphosphonates primarily affect bone loss, estrogens have an advantage of also lowering serum cholesterol levels, although they have a detrimental effect in the uterus. Recently, raloxifene HCl, a(More)
UNLABELLED GSK-3, a component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, is implicated in regulation of bone mass. The effect of a small molecule GSK-3 inhibitor was evaluated in pre-osteoblasts and in osteopenic rats. GSK-3 inhibitor induced osteoblast differentiation in vitro and increased markers of bone formation in vitro and in vivo with concomitant(More)