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A procedure has been developed for the iodination of human transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) with full retention of biological activity. Using the iodinated peptide, saturable receptors have been found for TGF-beta on normal rat kidney fibroblasts, a cell line that will grow in soft agar in the presence of TGFs but not in their absence. Scatchard(More)
The Wnt signaling pathway has recently been demonstrated to play an important role in bone cell function. In previous studies using DNA microarray analyses, we observed a change in some of the molecular components of the canonical Wnt pathway namely, frizzled-1 (FZD-1) and axil, in response to continuous parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment in rats. In the(More)
NRK fibroblasts exposed to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) show increased binding of radiolabeled epidermal growth factor (EGF) relative to untreated cells. The binding of another growth factor, rat insulin-like growth factor-II, is unaffected. The increase in EGF binding induced by TGF-beta is not due to inhibition of EGF processing nor to an(More)
beta-Lactam antibiotics such as penicillins and cephalosporins are synthesized by a wide variety of microbes, including procaryotes and eucaryotes. Isopenicillin N synthetase catalyzes a key reaction in the biosynthetic pathway of penicillins and cephalosporins. The genes encoding this protein have previously been cloned from the filamentous fungi(More)
Human bone was sequentially extracted with 4 M guanidine hydrochloride to remove nonmineralized tissue components, 0.5 M EDTA to dissolve the mineral phase, 4 M guanidine hydrochloride to remove matrix associated proteins and finally a combination of 4 M guanidine hydrochloride and 0.5 M EDTA to remove residual proteins. The extracts were examined for the(More)
A polypeptide transforming growth factor (TGF) that induces anchorage-dependent rat kidney fibroblasts to grow in soft agar has been isolated from human placenta and purified to homogeneity. This polypeptide is classified as a type beta TGF because it does not compete with epidermal growth factor (EGF) for membrane receptor sites but does require EGF for(More)
Transforming growth factors (TGFs) are a heterogeneous family of polypeptides that induce anchorage-independent growth in nonneoplastic anchorage-dependent cells. They have been found in many tissues, both neoplastic and nonneoplastic. All TGFs isolated thus far are of low molecular weight (6000-25,000), are acid and heat stable, and are inactivated by(More)
The Cbfa1/Runx2 (referred to herein as Cbfa1) transcription factor has been shown to be essential for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation during embryogenesis. PTH given intermittently is a proven bone anabolic agent. Here, we investigated whether PTH regulates the expression and/or activity of Cbfa1 in osteoblastic cells and in a rat metatarsal(More)
Administration of 60 pmoles of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol to vitamin D-deficient rats on a low calcium diet gives a maximal intestinal calcium transport response in 7 hr and a maximal bone calcium mobilization response in 12 hr. During the 48 hr after injection of radioactive 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, unchanged 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol accounts(More)