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Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful disorder which affects urinary bladder function in cats and humans. We used patch clamp techniques to measure firing properties and K+ currents of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons (L4-S3) from normal cats and cats with feline interstitial cystitis (FIC) to examine the possibility that the properties of primary(More)
PURPOSE Symptoms associated with interstitial cystitis (IC) (urinary frequency, urgency and pain) resemble those in cats diagnosed with feline IC (FIC). Patients with IC also show enhanced sensitivity to intravesical application of KCl solution. In the current study we compared the effect of bladder distention and intravesical infusion of KCl solution on(More)
PURPOSE Hypersensitivity to visceral stimuli in interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome may result from enhanced responsiveness of affective circuits (including the amygdala complex) and associated central pain amplification. Potentiation of the eyeblink startle reflex under threat is mediated by output from the amygdala complex and, therefore,(More)
AIMS A non-neuronal cholinergic system has been described in epithelial cells including that of the urinary bladder (urothelium) and the upper gastrointestinal tract (esophagus). Epithelial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathophysiology of persistent pain conditions such as painful bladder syndrome as well as functional heartburn. For example,(More)
The distribution of P2X and P2Y receptor subtypes in upper lumbosacral cat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) has been investigated using immunohistochemistry. Intensity of immunoreactivity for six P2X receptors (P2X(5) receptors were immuno-negative) and the three P2Y receptors examined in cat DRG was in the order of P2Y(2) = P2Y(4)>P2X(3)>P2X(2) =(More)
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a painful disorder which affects urinary bladder function in cats and humans. We have used patch clamp techniques to examine the possibility that the properties of primary afferent neurons are changed in feline interstitial cystitis (FIC). We measured transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) responses to(More)
AIM The urothelium, or epithelial lining of the lower urinary tract (LUT), is likely to play an important role in bladder function by actively communicating with bladder nerves, smooth muscle, and cells of the immune and inflammatory systems. Recent evidence supports the importance of non-neuronal cells that may extend to both the peripheral and central(More)
BACKGROUND Olfactory stimulation is an often overlooked method of environmental enrichment for cats in captivity. The best known example of olfactory enrichment is the use of catnip, a plant that can cause an apparently euphoric reaction in domestic cats and most of the Pantherinae. It has long been known that some domestic cats and most tigers do not(More)