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A better understanding of the mechanisms of nerve regeneration could improve the outcome of surgical nerve repair. We have previously shown that axonal regeneration is increased by nerve growth factor. Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) belongs to the same family as nerve growth factor but acts on a distinct neuron subpopulation. As little is known about its role(More)
Bilirubin is a potent antioxidant generated intracellularly during the degradation of heme by the enzyme heme oxygenase. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of increased cardiac bilirubin in protection against postischemic myocardial dysfunction. Rat hearts were isolated and perfused according to the Langendorff technique to evaluate the(More)
Curcumin, a widely used spice and coloring agent in food, has been shown to possess potent antioxidant, antitumor promoting and anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism(s) of such pleiotropic action by this yellow pigment is unknown; whether induction of distinct antioxidant genes contributes to the beneficial activities mediated by(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a redox-sensitive inducible protein that provides efficient cytoprotection against oxidative stress. Curcumin, a polyphenolic natural compound that possesses anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory properties, has been reported recently to induce potently HO-1 expression in vascular endothelial cells (Free Rad Biol Med 28:1303-1312,(More)
The stress protein heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced in endothelial cells exposed to nitric oxide (NO)-releasing agents, and this process is finely modulated by thiols (Foresti, R., Clark, J. E., Green, C. J., and Motterlini R. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 18411-18417). Here, we report that up-regulation of HO-1 in aortic endothelial cells by severe hypoxic(More)
The inducible isoform of haem oxygenase (HO-1) has been proposed as an effective system to counteract oxidant-induced cell injury. In several circumstances, this cytoprotective effect has been attributed to increased generation of the antioxidant bilirubin during haem degradation by HO-1. However, a direct implication for HO-1-derived bilirubin in(More)
Whilst there is an increased understanding of the cell biology of nerve regeneration, it remains unclear whether there is a direct interrelationship between vascularisation and efficacy of nerve regeneration within a nerve conduit. To establish this is important as in clinical surgery peripheral nerve conduit grafting has been widely investigated as a(More)
This paper describes an apparatus to measure tissue oxygenation and perfusion (as measured by the wash-in rate of gaseous hydrogen) simultaneously at multiple points in muscle using needle microelectrodes. The development of suitable electrodes and apparatus is described, as well as the development of the method and its validation. In particular, the(More)
Soluble fibronectin and nerve growth factor (NGF) promote axonal regeneration when placed in silicone tubes. We investigated the ability of orientated fibronectin mats to bind and release bioactive NGF and the possibility of augmenting axonal regeneration following axotomy by using fibronectin conduits impregnated with NGF. The release of NGF was quantified(More)
It has been suggested that nitric oxide (NO), a small gaseous molecule with a multiplicity of cellular functions, plays an important part in the regulation of cellular proliferation. We have examined the effect of the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in human epidermal keratinocytes and investigated the contribution(More)