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Four experiments investigated the acoustical correlates of similarity and categorization judgments of environmental sounds. In Experiment 1, similarity ratings were obtained from pairwise comparisons of recordings of 50 environmental sounds. A three-dimensional multidimensional scaling (MDS) solution showed three distinct clusterings of the sounds, which(More)
Thresholds for formant-frequency discrimination were obtained for ten synthetic English vowels patterned after a female talker. To estimate the resolution of the auditory system for these stimuli, thresholds were measured using well-trained subjects under minimal-stimulus-uncertainty procedures. Thresholds were estimated for both increments and decrements(More)
The effects of decision criterion on response latencies of binary decisions were examined. The stimuli comprised two, partly overlapping, "normal" distributions of either two-digit numbers or tonal frequencies. Individual stimuli were randomly sampled from the distributions, and subjects had to decide from which distribution the stimulus was sampled. The(More)
A principle of auditory perception that governs the detectability of changes in components in unfamiliar sequences of tones is demonstrated in four experiments. The proportion-of-the-total-duration (PTD) rule can be stated as follows: Each individual component of an unfamiliar sequence of tones is resolved with an accuracy that is a function of its(More)
Twenty-eight audiometrically normal adult listeners were given a variety of auditory tests, ranging from quiet and masked thresholds through the discrimination of simple and moderately complex temporal patterns. Test-retest reliability was good. Individual differences persisted on a variety of psychoacoustic tasks following a period of training using(More)
In three experiments, listeners' abilities to detect changes in randomly generated tonal sequences were determined for sequences or "patterns" ranging in total duration from 62.5 ms to 2 s. Experiment 1 utilized an adaptive-tracking procedure, with n, the number of pattern components, as the dependent variable, and included a variety of spectral and(More)
The present article describes an approach to the evaluation of psychoacoustic data from the hearing impaired. The results obtained from the hearing impaired in several studies of frequency resolution, temporal resolution, and speech recognition are compared to the results expected for noise-masked normal listeners. It is presumed in this approach that the(More)