Charies Ghommidh

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The immobilization of living Acetobacter cells by adsorption onto a large-surface-area ceramic support was studied in a pulsed flow reactor. The high oxygen transfer capability of the reactor enabled acetic acid production rates up to 10.4 g L(-1) h(-1) to be achieved. Using a simple mathematical model incorporating both internal and external mass transfer(More)
On-line permittivity and optical density measurements have been used to monitor biomass concentration and sporulation status during growth of a spore-forming bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis, in fed-batch culture. The correlation between permittivity, optical density and other observations showed three distinct phases of growth: growth itself, transition(More)
Recent technological improvements have extended the application range of permittivity biomass measurements to bacterial fermentations in highly conductive media. With Lactobacillus casei, the effective biomass detection sensitivity of the FOGALE Biomass System is around 0.2 g/l (0.01 pF/cm). Fermentations growth kinetics of Lactobacillus casei can be(More)
The sucrose hydrolysis activity of dense spherical yeast flocs, cultivated on a sucrose medium in a continuous reactor with internal settler, is nearly proportional to the particle surface. From computer simulation, in good agreement with experimental determinations, the calculated sucrose penetration depth is in the range 0.2-0.3 mm, a dimension smaller(More)
Variations in residual sugar composition have been observed during Jerusalem artichoke extract fermentations by using Saccharomyces diastaticus NCYC 625, a flocculating yeast strain. In batch cultures, these differences were due to the inulin polymer size distribution of the extracts: measurements of enzymatic activities on different polymerized substrates(More)
A direct cell size measurement technique and an image analysis based sizing method were developed. The former consisted of a manual size measurement of the two-dimensional cell images on a video screen, with automatic data recording. This method was chosen as the reference. The latter, a semiautomatic method took advantage of a commercial computer program(More)
Incomplete fermentation of inulin-containing extracts by Saccharomyces diastaticus allows the simultaneous production of ethanol and syrups with increased fructose content. The yeast strain used ferments sucrose and inulin small polymers but does not easily ferment inulin large polymers. After batch fermentation a production of 62.5 g/L ethanol and 75 g/L(More)
Sustained oscillations of biomass, substrate and product concentrations are routinely observed in continuous cultures withZymomonas at low growth rate and high ethanol concentrations. After an extensive work, Jöbses et al. (1985–1987)5–7 proposed a two-compartment model to represent the phenomenon. However, the strong fluctuations of cell viability observed(More)
At high flow rates, the continuous alcoholic fermentation of sucrose in a laboratory fermenter with internal cell recycle, using a strongly flocculating yeast can be limited by the substrate hydrolysis. This system is sensitive to glucose catabolic repression and to mineral deficiency. The release of invertase activity in the medium is negligible. From(More)
Using a pulsed gas and liquid flow and with cells directly adsorbed on to a suitably-formed support, aerobic transformations can be carried out in a fixed-cell reactor with significant gain in efficiency. Immobilized cells of Acetobacter on cordierite can produce acetic acid at a high rate which, at different dilution rates, may be limited either by product(More)