Charbel El-Hajj Moussa

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P2X1-type purinoceptors have been shown to mediate fast transmission between sympathetic varicosities and smooth muscle cells in the mouse vas deferens but the spatial organization of these receptors on the smooth muscle cells remains inconclusive. Voltage clamp techniques were used to estimate the amplitudes of spontaneous excitatory junction currents(More)
The immune response contributes to ongoing secondary tissue destruction following spinal cord injury (SCI). Although infiltrating neutrophils and monocytes have been well studied in this process, T-cells have received less attention. The objective of this study was to assess locomotor recovery and tissue morphology after SCI in athymic (nude) rats, in which(More)
In the present article, a new method for the determination of the hardening law using the load displacement curve, F–h, of a spherical indentation test is developed. This method is based on the study of the error between an experimental indentation curve and a number of finite elements simulation curves. For the smaller values of these errors, the error(More)
Autophagy is a cellular process that mediates selective degradation of cellular components in lysosomes. Autophagy may protect against neuronal apoptosis, which is induced in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, compounds that modulate autophagy could be beneficial to treat neurological disorders characterized by apoptosis such as Parkinson's and(More)
(2S,1'S,2'R)-2-(Carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (L-CCG III) was a substrate of Na+-dependent glutamate transporters (GluT) in Xenopus laevis oocytes (IC50 ∼ 13 and ∼2 μM for, respectively, EAAT 1 and EAAT 2) and caused an apparent inhibition of [3H]L-glutamate uptake in “mini-slices“ of guinea pig cerebral cortex (IC50 ∼ 12 μM). In slices (350 μM) of guinea pig(More)
Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) inactivates the peptide neurotransmitter N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) following synaptic release. Inhibitors of GCPII increase extracellular NAAG levels and are efficacious in animal models of clinical disorders via NAAG activation of a group II metabotropic glutamate receptor. mGluR2 and mGluR3 knock-out (ko) mice(More)
This study investigates the mechanical behaviour of a carbonitrided steel, plastically graded material, during a spherical indentation test. We demonstrate that the behaviour of a carbonitrided steel can be simulated accurately with a seven layer sample, including the surface, five intermediate layers and the substrate. Moreover, for engineering design(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) modulate neuronal function. Here, we tested the effect on metabolism of a range of Group I and II mGluR ligands in Guinea pig brain cortical tissue slices, applying 13C NMR spectroscopy and metabolomic analysis using multivariate statistics. The effects of Group I agonists (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) and(More)
A range of behaviours are elucidated via ionotropic glutamate receptors (iGluR). In this work, we examined the acute activation of iGluRs by a range of receptor ligands and effectors to see whether distinguishable metabolic sequelae were elucidated by the activity. We used a guinea-pig brain cortical tissue slice model using targeted receptor ligands(More)
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