Char E Farin

Learn More
Approximately 100 species become extinct a day. Despite increasing interest in using cloning to rescue endangered species, successful interspecies nuclear transfer has not been previously described, and only a few reports of in vitro embryo formation exist. Here we show that interspecies nuclear transfer can be used to clone an endangered species with(More)
The objectives of the present experiment were to compare survival after transfer of bovine embryos produced in vivo with those produced in vitro and to examine the physical characteristics of fetuses produced from these transfers. Embryos produced in vivo (Holstein x Angus) were recovered from uterine flushings of superovulated heifers 7 days after first(More)
In vitro systems are commonly used for the production of bovine embryos. Comparisons between in vivo and in vitro produced embryos illustrate that the morphology of preimplantation-stage embryos differ significantly, the survival of embryos and fetuses is decreased, the size distributions of the populations of conceptuses and fetuses are altered throughout(More)
The trophoblastic interferons ovine and bovine trophoblast protein-1 (oTP-1 and bTP-1, respectively) have been implicated as mediators of maternal recognition of pregnancy in sheep and cattle. The objective of this study was to describe the onset and duration of gene expression for oTP-1 and bTP-1 in preimplantation ovine and bovine conceptuses by in situ(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the ultrastructure of bovine blastocysts produced in vivo or in vitro by using morphometric analysis. Blastocysts produced in vivo (multiple ovulations, MO) were obtained from superovulated Holstein cows. For blastocysts produced in vitro, cumulus-oocyte complexes aspirated from ovaries of Holstein cows were(More)
Understanding mechanisms responsible for meiotic resumption in mammalian oocytes is critical for the identification of strategies to enhance developmental competence of in vitro-matured oocytes. Improvement of in vitro oocyte maturation systems is dependent on a better understanding of mechanisms that regulate oocyte maturation both in vivo and in vitro as(More)
The cellular composition of ovine corpora lutea obtained during the early (Day 4), mid (Days 8 and 12), and late (Day 16) stages of the estrous cycle was determined by morphometric analysis. Individual corpora lutea were collected via midventral laparotomy from a total of 19 ewes. A center slice from each corpus luteum was processed for electron microscopy(More)
The establishment of in vitro fertilization and culture systems for mammalian embryos has facilitated the application of embryo technologies in research, industry, and clinical settings. Furthermore, the advent of cloning by nuclear transfer has significantly enhanced the potential for genetic modification of livestock. Based on studies in cattle, sheep,(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the ultrastructure of bovine compact morulae produced in vivo or in vitro using morphometric analysis. Compact morulae produced in vivo were obtained from superovulated Holstein cows. Compact morulae produced in vitro were obtained from cumulus-oocyte complexes aspirated from ovaries of Holstein cows. The complexes(More)
Previous research revealed that treatment with vitamin A approximately 5 d before ovulation may increase litter size in weaned sows and improve embryonal survival in gilts fed high-energy diets that reduced embryonal survival. For the current study, the hypothesis was that administration of vitamin A before ovulation would alter development of follicles and(More)