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Anopheles subpictus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus have developed resistance to various synthetic insecticides, making its control increasingly difficult. Insecticides of botanical origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol techniques in the future. The leaf acetone, chloroform, ethyl acetate, hexane, and methanol extracts of Aegle marmelos (Linn.)(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasingly reported in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our aim was to assess the prevalence and mortality of patients with NAFLD-HCC. We examined Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries (2004-2009) with Medicare-linkage files for HCC, which was identified by the(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of moderate alcohol consumption on long-term outcomes of chronic hepatitis C (CH-C) infected patients remains controversial. AIM To assess the impact of moderate alcohol consumption on long-term outcomes of CH-C patients using population-based data. METHODS Data were obtained from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination(More)
In the present report, we have analysed C.trachomatis infection and HIV positivity among patients (n-143) who attended the STD clinic at the Institute of STDs, Government General Hospital, Chennai. HIV positivity rate was significantly high among those with chlamydial infection than in those without chlamydial infection (29.5% (13/44) vs. 11.1% (11/99);(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a major complication of cirrhosis that causes substantial mortality and utilization of resources. METHODS We analyzed 5 cycles of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, conducted between 2005 and 2009, to determine national estimates of incidence, prevalence, inpatient mortality, severity of illness, and resource(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to assess recent trends in health resource utilisation and patient outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries with chronic liver disease (CLD). SETTING Liver-related mortality is the 10th leading cause of death in the USA, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) and obesity-related non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are the major causes of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of chronic liver disease and is strongly associated with metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical profile and long-term outcome in NAFLD patients with or without metabolic syndrome. METHODS The initial cohort (N=6709) was identified from National(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease. The objective of this study was to describe the recent trend of health care resource utilization and short-term mortality of Medicare beneficiaries with NAFLD. METHODS This study utilized data from a random sample of national outpatient(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In the past three decades, there have been major advances in the procedure and candidate selection for liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the changes in outcomes of liver transplantations in the Unites States. METHODS This observational study uses the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) that(More)
Although the incidence of new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has fallen, HCV-related complications are on the rise. Our aim was to assess and describe the 2005-2009 national inpatient mortality and resource utilization trends for patients with HCV. Data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) between(More)