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We have reported recently the anticancer effect of flavonoid antioxidant silymarin, the major part of milk thistle extract, against advanced human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells (X. Zi et al., Cancer Res., 58: 1920-1929, 1998) and later identified that silibinin is the main active component in silymarin responsible for its effect in cell culture studies. On(More)
Here, we assessed the protective effect of silibinin on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis in SKH-1 hairless mice. Topical application of silibinin before or immediately after UVB exposure or its dietary feeding resulted in a strong protection against photocarcinogenesis, in terms of tumor multiplicity (60-66%; P < 0.001), tumor volume per mouse (93-97%; P <(More)
PURPOSE We recently demonstrated the strong anticancer efficacy of silibinin,an active constituent of a widely consumed dietary supplement milk thistle extract, against human prostate cancer cells in culture and nude mice xenografts. We also observed that pharmacologically achievable concentrations of silibinin in animal studies were in the range of 25-100(More)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in prostate cancer (PCA) cells is considered prerequisite for acquiring migratory/invasive phenotype, and subsequent metastasis. We hypothesized that promoting the E-cadherin expression in PCA cells by using nontoxic phytochemicals, like silibinin, would prevent EMT and consequently invasiveness. Our results(More)
PURPOSE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common recurrent malignancies, for which, currently, there is no effective therapy. Considering the antihepatotoxic activity of silibinin, a widely used drug and supplement for various liver disorders, together with its strong preventive and anticancer efficacy against various epithelial cancers, we(More)
Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related morbidity and mortality. The use of nontoxic phytochemicals in the prevention and intervention of colorectal cancer has been suggested as an alternative to chemotherapy. Here we assessed the anticancer efficacy of silibinin against advanced colorectal cancer LoVo cells both in vitro and in(More)
We isolated a coumarin compound decursin (C(19)H(20)O(5); molecular weight 328) from Korean angelica (Angelica gigas) root and characterized it by spectroscopy. Here, for the first time, we observed that decursin (25-100 micromol/L) treatment for 24 to 96 hours strongly inhibits growth and induces death in human prostate carcinoma DU145, PC-3, and LNCaP(More)
Bladder cancer is the fourth and eighth most common cancer in men and women in the USA, respectively. Flavonoid phytochemicals are being studied for both prevention and therapy of various human malignancies including bladder cancer. One such naturally occurring flavonoid is silibinin isolated from milk thistle. Here, we assessed the effect of silibinin on(More)
Running title: α-Santalol efficacy in A431 carcinoma cells. α-Santalol, an active component of sandalwood oil, has been studied in detail in recent years for its skin cancer preventive efficacy in murine models of skin carcinogenesis; however, the mechanism of its efficacy is not defined. Two major biological events responsible for the clonal expansion of(More)
Grape seed extract (GSE), rich in the bioflavonoids commonly known as procyanidins, is one of the most commonly consumed dietary supplements in the United States because of its several health benefits. Epidemiological studies show that many prostate cancer (PCA) patients use herbal extracts as dietary supplements in addition to their prescription drugs.(More)