Chapla Agarwal

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Resveratrol is one of the most extensively studied cancer chemopreventive agents; however, its mechanisms of action are not completely understood. Here, we observed that resveratrol induces S phase arrest via Tyr15 phosphorylation of Cdc2 in human ovarian carcinoma Ovcar-3 cells. Overexpression of Cdc2AF, a mutant resistant to Thr14 and Tyr15(More)
Cancer chemopreventive effects of inositol hexaphosphate (IP6), a dietary constituent, have been demonstrated against a variety of experimental tumors, however, limited studies have been done against prostate cancer (PCA), and molecular mechanisms are not well defined. In the present study, we investigated the growth inhibitory effect and associated(More)
We have reported recently the anticancer effect of flavonoid antioxidant silymarin, the major part of milk thistle extract, against advanced human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells (X. Zi et al., Cancer Res., 58: 1920-1929, 1998) and later identified that silibinin is the main active component in silymarin responsible for its effect in cell culture studies. On(More)
We isolated a coumarin compound decursin (C(19)H(20)O(5); molecular weight 328) from Korean angelica (Angelica gigas) root and characterized it by spectroscopy. Here, for the first time, we observed that decursin (25-100 micromol/L) treatment for 24 to 96 hours strongly inhibits growth and induces death in human prostate carcinoma DU145, PC-3, and LNCaP(More)
With emerging trends in the incidence of cancer of various organ sites, additional approaches are needed to control human malignancies. Intervention or prevention of cancer by dietary constituents, a strategy defined as chemoprevention, holds great promise in our conquest to control cancer, because it can be implemented on a broader population base with(More)
Chemical warfare agent sulfur mustard (HD) inflicts delayed blistering and incapacitating skin injuries. To identify effective countermeasures against HD-induced skin injuries, efficacy studies were carried out employing HD analog 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES)-induced injury biomarkers in skin cells and SKH-1 hairless mouse skin. The data demonstrate(More)
Constitutive activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway transmits growth-regulatory signals that play a central role in promoting survival, proliferation, and angiogenesis in human prostate cancer cells. Here, we assessed the efficacy of inositol hexaphosphate (IP6) against invasive human prostate cancer PC-3 and C4-2B cells and regulation(More)
A better molecular understanding of prostate carcinogenesis is warranted to devise novel targeted preventive and therapeutic strategies against prostate cancer (PCA), a major cause of mortality among men. Here, we examined the role of two epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulators, the adherens junction protein E-cadherin and its transcriptional(More)
Silymarin, a defined mixture of natural flavonoid, has recently been shown to have potent cancer chemopreventive efficacy against colon carcinogenesis in rat model; however, the mechanism of such efficacy is not elucidated. Here, using pure active agent in silymarin, namely silibinin, we show its antiproliferative and apoptotic effects, and associated(More)
Recently, we observed that suppression of tumor xenograft growth by silibinin was associated with reduction in tumor vasculature and an increased apoptosis. Here, we provide evidence for molecular events associated with antiangiogenic efficacy of pharmacologically achievable doses of silibinin in endothelial cell culture system. Our data show that silibinin(More)