Chaoyun Wang

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Calcium and lipid peroxidation play important roles in oxidative stress-induced cellular injury and apoptosis, which ultimately cause cell death. In this study we examined whether protopine had a neuroprotection against H(2)O(2)-induced injury in PC12 cells. Pretreatment of PC12 cells with protopine improved the cell viability, enhanced activities of(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the neuroprotective effects of 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 on focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats was employed. The behavioral tests were used to evaluate the damage to central nervous system. The infarct area of brain was assessed in the brain(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate whether safflor yellow B (SYB) had a protective effect on cerebral ischemic injury and to determine the possible mechanisms in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, Male Wistar–Kyoto (WKY) rats were used to make the model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The behavioral test was used to measure neurological(More)
Excessive glutamate release causes overactivation of N-methyld-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), leading to excitatory neuronal damage in cerebral ischemia. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), a compound extracted from Carthamus tinctorius L., has been reported to exert a neuroprotective effect in many pathological conditions, including brain ischemia. However, the(More)
Our previous study demonstrates that SYB produces a neuroprotective effect in vivo. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of safflor yellow B (SYB) on the acute oxidative injury induced by H2O2 and mechanisms in PC12 cells. H2O2 was used to mimic in vitro model of the oxidative injury and to induce apoptosis in PC12 cells. The cells(More)
Emodin-8-O-beta-D-glucoside extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc is widely used to treat acute hepatitis possibly by antioxidative mechanisms. The present study was designed to investigate whether emodin-8-O-beta-D-glucoside exerted neuroprotective effects on the focal cerebral injury induced by ischemia(More)
Huperzine A is an anticholinesterase and cognitive enhancer, which is able to alleviate the symptoms of memory dysfunction in the mouse. The fast metabolization rate and narrow therapeutic spectrum makes it unfit for clinical use. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microsphere as delivery system effectively maintains the blood concentration of huperzine A by a(More)
Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), a major constituent in the hydrophilic fraction of the safflower plant, can retard the progress of hepatic fibrosis. However, the anti-inflammatory properties and the underlying mechanisms of HSYA on I/R-induced acute liver injury are unknown. Inhibiting macrophage activation is a potential strategy to treat liver(More)
Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), the main active natural constituent extracted from Carthamus tinctorius L., has been widely used for the treatment of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of HSYA on alcohol-induced liver injury and the underlying mechanism. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to establish(More)
Inflammation response and oxidative stress play important roles in acute lung injury (ALI). Activation of the cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway may attenuate ALI by suppressing immune responses and inhibiting the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) is a natural flavonoid compound that reduces oxidative(More)