Chaoyong Zhu

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Despite its early discovery and high sequence homology to the other VEGF family members, the biological functions of VEGF-B remain poorly understood. We revealed here a novel function for VEGF-B as a potent inhibitor of apoptosis. Using gene expression profiling of mouse primary aortic smooth muscle cells, and confirming the results by real-time PCR using(More)
OBJECTIVES Remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in inflammatory disorders such as atherosclerosis. ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) is a recently described family of proteinases that is able to degrade the ECM proteins aggrecan and versican expressed in blood vessels. The purpose of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) modulates the activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9, an important mediator of vascular remodeling and plaque instability in atherosclerosis. This study aimed to analyze the expression of NGAL in atherosclerotic plaques and myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS Atherosclerotic(More)
The majority of human melanomas harbor activating mutations in either the BRAF or NRAS gene. To date, the role of oncogenic NRAS in melanoma remains poorly defined and no current therapies are directed at specifically suppressing oncogenic NRAS in human melanoma tumors. The aim of our study, therefore, was to investigate the effects of suppressing oncogenic(More)
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has recently emerged as an important modulator of cell homeostasis. Elevated plasma NGAL levels, possibly because of activation of blood leukocytes, are associated with atherosclerosis. However, little is known about induction of NGAL expression in blood vessels. Using a rat carotid artery injury model, we(More)
A common matrix metalloproteinases-3 (MMP-3) -1612 5A/6A promoter polymorphism is associated with risk for cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and other diseases. Here we used the haplotype chromatin immunoprecipitation method to study allele-specific MMP-3 expression under in vivo conditions in heterozygous THP-1 cells. Pyrosequencing was used to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory process involving the activity of several cytokines and growth factors. Platelet-derived growth factor-A (PDGF-A) and PDGF-B are important mitogens and chemoattractants for monocytes as well as smooth muscle cells. We sought to identify the role of PDGF-C and PDGF-D, two new members of the PDGF(More)
The p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) is known as an essential apoptosis inducer. Here, we report the seemingly paradoxical finding that PUMA is a proangiogenic factor critically required for the proliferation and survival of vascular and microglia cells. Strikingly, Puma deficiency by genetic deletion or small hairpin RNA knockdown inhibited(More)
Our group previously identified two novel genes, RFP2/LEU5 and DLEU2, within a 13q14.3 genomic region of loss seen in various malignancies. However, no specific inactivating mutations were found in these or other genes in the vicinity of the deletion, suggesting that a nonclassical tumor-suppressor mechanism may be involved. Here, we present data showing(More)
Deletion of chromosome 13q14 is the most frequent genetic aberration in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), found in more than 50% of cases, indicating that this region contains a gene(s) involved in the development of CLL. However, the pathogenic gene in the critical 13q14 region has not yet been defined. Here, we have cloned and characterized a(More)