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Aberrant activation of the hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is one of the most prevalent abnormalities in human cancer. Tumors with cell autonomous Hh activation (e.g., medulloblastomas) can acquire secondary mutations at the Smoothened (Smo) antagonist binding pocket, which render them refractory to conventional Hh inhibitors. A class of Hh pathway(More)
PURPOSE The activity of imatinib in leukemia has recently been linked with expression of the organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1) gene SLC22A1. Here, we characterized the contribution of solute carriers to imatinib transport in an effort to further understand mechanisms involved in the intracellular uptake and retention (IUR) of the drug. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
PURPOSE Recent microarray and RNA-sequencing studies have uncovered aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNA) in Barrett's esophagus-associated esophageal adenocarcinoma. The functional significance of these miRNAs in esophageal adenocarcinoma initiation and progression is largely unknown. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Expression levels of miR-199a/b-3p, -199a-5p,(More)
PURPOSE To illustrate the prognostic significance of hedgehog (Hh) signaling in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate the efficacy of a novel nanoparticle-encapsulated inhibitor of the Hh transcription factor, Gli1 (NanoHHI) using in vitro and in vivo models of human HCCs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patched1 (Ptch1) expression was detected(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to test the influence of functional renal organic cation transporters (OCT2 in humans, Oct1 and Oct2 in mice) on biomarkers of cisplatin nephrotoxicity, such as urinary activity of N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Temporal cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity was assessed by histopathology and biomarkers.(More)
MIF is a proinflammatory cytokine and is implicated in cancer. A higher MIF level is found in many human cancer and cancer-prone inflammatory diseases, including chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. We tested the hypothesis that MIF contributes to pancreatic cancer aggressiveness and predicts disease outcome in resected cases. Consistent with our(More)
This study is intended to characterize the cellular target of gambogic acid (GA), a natural product isolated from the gamboge resin of Garcinia hurburyi tree, which possesses potent in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities. The antiproliferative activity of GA was further confirmed here in a panel of human tumor cells and multidrug-resistant cells. We(More)
Cancer-related death is one of the most common causes of mortality in society. Small molecules have the capability to disrupt aberrant signaling pathways in tumors, leading to anticancer activities. Therefore the search for new molecules for cancer treatment continues to draw attention to the scientific research community. Synthesis and biological(More)
KRAS is activated by mutation in the vast majority of cases of pancreatic cancer; unfortunately, therapeutic attempts to inhibit KRAS directly have been unsuccessful. Our previous studies showed that inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) reduces pancreatic cancer growth and progression, through blockage of the centrally important RAL effector(More)
PURPOSE Carnitine is an essential cofactor for mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation that is actively reabsorbed by the luminal transporter Octn2 (Slc22a5). Because the nephrotoxic agent cisplatin causes urinary loss of carnitine in humans, we hypothesized that cisplatin may affect Octn2 function. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Excretion of carnitine and(More)