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Strains of Drosophila melanogaster with resistance to the insecticides spinosyn A, spinosad, and spinetoram were produced by chemical mutagenesis. These spinosyn-resistant strains were not cross-resistant to other insecticides. The two strains that were initially characterized were subsequently found to have mutations in the gene encoding the nicotinic(More)
The sulfoximines, as exemplified by sulfoxaflor ([N-[methyloxido[1-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl]ethyl]-λ(4)-sulfanylidene] cyanamide] represent a new class of insecticides. Sulfoxaflor exhibits a high degree of efficacy against a wide range of sap-feeding insects, including those resistant to neonicotinoids and other insecticides. Sulfoxaflor is an(More)
The trp gene encodes subunits of a highly Ca(2+)-permeable class of light-activated channels of Drosophila photoreceptors. The recently characterized mutation in this gene, Trp(P365), is semidominant and causes massive degeneration of photoreceptors by making the TRP channel constitutively active. We show that a single amino acid change, Phe-550 to Ile,(More)
A large number of mutants in the norpA gene, which encodes the phospholipase C (PLC) involved in Drosophila phototransduction, is available for the investigation of the effects of specific amino acid substitutions in PLC on biochemical and electrophysiological properties of these mutants. Of the 47 norpA mutants screened for PLC protein content, all but one(More)
RNA interference has been widely used to reduce the quantity of the proteins encoded by the targeted genes. A constitutively active, dominant allele of trp, TrpP365, causes massive degeneration of photoreceptors through a persistent and excessive Ca2+ influx. Here we show that a substantial reduction of the TRP channel protein by RNAi in TrpP365(More)
We discuss in this chapter the role of Ca2+ homeostasis in maintaining the structural integrity of photoreceptor cells in Drosophila. Both insufficient and excessive amounts of Ca2+ in photoreceptor cells appear to lead to cell degeneration. Because one of the two classes of light-sensitive channels in Drosophila photoreceptors is highly Ca2+-permeable, how(More)
BACKGROUND γ-Amino butyric acid (GABA) antagonists are proven targets for control of lepidopteran and other pests. New heterocyclic compounds with high insecticidal activity were discovered using a competitive-intelligence-inspired scaffold-hopping approach to generate analogs of fipronil, a known GABA antagonist. These novel aryl heterocyclic amines (AHAs)(More)
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