Chaoxian Geng

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The trp gene of Drosophila encodes a subunit of a class of Ca(2+)-selective light-activated channels that carry the bulk of the phototransduction current. Transient receptor potential (TRP) homologs have been identified throughout animal phylogeny. In vertebrates, TRP-related channels have been suggested to mediate "store-operated Ca(2+) entry," which is(More)
The trp gene encodes subunits of a highly Ca(2+)-permeable class of light-activated channels of Drosophila photoreceptors. The recently characterized mutation in this gene, Trp(P365), is semidominant and causes massive degeneration of photoreceptors by making the TRP channel constitutively active. We show that a single amino acid change, Phe-550 to Ile,(More)
A large number of mutants in the norpA gene, which encodes the phospholipase C (PLC) involved in Drosophila phototransduction, is available for the investigation of the effects of specific amino acid substitutions in PLC on biochemical and electrophysiological properties of these mutants. Of the 47 norpA mutants screened for PLC protein content, all but one(More)
RNA interference has been widely used to reduce the quantity of the proteins encoded by the targeted genes. A constitutively active, dominant allele of trp, TrpP365, causes massive degeneration of photoreceptors through a persistent and excessive Ca2+ influx. Here we show that a substantial reduction of the TRP channel protein by RNAi in TrpP365(More)
We discuss in this chapter the role of Ca2+ homeostasis in maintaining the structural integrity of photoreceptor cells in Drosophila. Both insufficient and excessive amounts of Ca2+ in photoreceptor cells appear to lead to cell degeneration. Because one of the two classes of light-sensitive channels in Drosophila photoreceptors is highly Ca2+-permeable, how(More)
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