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Lysozymes, especially c-type lysozymes, are well-recognized bacteriolytic factors widely distributed in the animal kingdom and play a mainly protective role in host defense. The relatives of c-type lysozymes, alpha-lactalbumins, however, are only found in mammalian milk and possess a distinct biological function. These two proteins, having similar amino(More)
In plants, genomic DNA methylation which contributes to development and stress responses can be actively removed by DEMETER-like DNA demethylases (DMLs). Indeed, in Arabidopsis DMLs are important for maternal imprinting and endosperm demethylation, but only a few studies demonstrate the developmental roles of active DNA demethylation conclusively in this(More)
The molecular machinery required for autophagy is highly conserved in all eukaryotes as seen by the high degree of conservation of proteins involved in the formation of the autophagosome membranes. Recently, both yeast Apg8p and its rat homologue Map1lc3 were identified as essential constituents of autophagosome membrane as a processed form. In addition,(More)
Gastric cancer is the second most common fatal malignancy in the world. Proteomics studies of clinical tumor samples have led to the identification of specific protein markers of gastric cancer detection and better understanding the carcinogenesis of gastric cancer. Gastric cancer tissue of epithelial origin and adjacent normal mucosa were examined in pair(More)
The miRNAs are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate various biological processes, including liver fibrosis. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a central role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. By microarray profiling and real-time PCR, we noted that miR-31 expression in HSCs from rats, mice and humans was significantly increased during HSC activation in(More)
We have cloned a novel human gene ( C14orf5) from a fetal brain cDNA library that is located on chromosome 14 and consists of 4 exons. It encodes a protein of 170 amino acids that shares homology with human p25 alpha and bovine p25. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that it is highly expressed in liver and pancreas. Its(More)
Breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1) was originally identified as an active metastasis suppressor in human breast cancer. Loss of BRMS1 expression correlates with tumor progression, and BRMS1 suppresses several steps required for tumor metastasis. However, the role of BRMS1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains elusive. In this study, we found(More)
The human NUDT9 gene has been mapped to 4q22 and shown to give rise to two alternatively spliced mRNAs, NUDT9alpha and NUDT9beta, that encode a member of the Nudix hydrolase family. Both transcripts were readily detected in heart and skeletal muscle and also in liver, kidney and pancreas. NUDT9alpha protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and shown(More)
Sodium butyrate (NaBu), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, has been shown to inhibit cell growth, induce cell differentiation and apoptosis in multiple cell lines. In present study, we revealed the dual effects of NaBu in regulating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. In two different HCC cell lines, SK-Hep1 and SMMC-7721, low concentrations of NaBu induced(More)
The Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR), established in 2001, is the first and largest population-based twin registry in China. Based on the CNTR, a new twin cohort was recruited from 2011 to study the relationship between environmental risk factors and chronic diseases. So far, 33,874 twin pairs from nine provinces have been recruited, in which hundreds(More)