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Finding a least-cost-path in a raster data format is a useful function in geographical information systems. However, existing algorithms are often inadequate for practical roadway planning. This paper improves conventional algorithms by including the considerations of spatial distances, anisotropic costs and the presence of bridges and tunnels in the paths.(More)
Remote sensing techniques that provide synoptic and repetitive observations over large geographic areas have become increasingly important in studying the role of agriculture in global carbon cycles. However, it is still challenging to model crop yields based on remotely sensed data due to the variation in radiation use efficiency (RUE) across crop types(More)
Recent natural disasters indicate that modern technologies for environmental monitoring, modeling, and forecasting are not well integrated with cross-level social responses in many hazard-management systems. This research addresses this problem through a Java-based multi-agent prototype system, GeoAgent-based Knowledge System (GeoAgentKS). This system(More)
Collaboratories have been deWned as centers without walls, virtual places where teams of scientists can undertake coordinated research. As part of the Human–Environment Regional Observatory (HERO) infrastructure project, we have been developing a geocollaboratory to support work by geographically distributed scientists about geographic problems. Our speciWc(More)
Based on routine activities theory, deviant places theory, and neighborhood life cycle concepts, this paper describes the development of an Urban Crime Simulator (UCS) that was developed to allow estimation for changes in property crime rates in urban neighborhoods to be made when changes in the characteristics of the neighborhoods that are known or can be(More)