Chaohong Liu

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Patients with the immunodeficiency Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) frequently develop systemic autoimmunity. Here, we demonstrate that mutation of the WAS gene results in B cells that are hyperresponsive to B cell receptor and Toll-like receptor (TLR) signals in vitro, thereby promoting a B cell-intrinsic break in tolerance. Whereas this defect leads to(More)
Negative regulation of receptor signaling is essential for controlling cell activation and differentiation. In B-lymphocytes, the down-regulation of B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) signaling is critical for suppressing the activation of self-reactive B cells; however, the mechanism underlying the negative regulation of signaling remains elusive. Using(More)
B cells encounter both soluble Ag (sAg) and membrane-associated Ag (mAg) in the secondary lymphoid tissue, yet how the physical form of Ag modulates B cell activation remains unclear. This study compares actin reorganization and its role in BCR signalosome formation in mAg- and sAg-stimulated B cells. Both mAg and sAg induce F-actin accumulation and actin(More)
Dioscin is chemical compound obtained from an extract from a medical plant, air potato that is a yam species. Its potential antiviral properties were analyzed in this study. In this study, dioscin's antiviral effects were tested against several viruses including adenovirus, vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). By time-of-addition(More)
The activation of the BCR, which initiates B cell activation, is triggered by Ag-induced self-aggregation and clustering of receptors at the cell surface. Although Ag-induced actin reorganization is known to be involved in BCR clustering in response to membrane-associated Ag, the underlying mechanism that links actin reorganization to BCR activation remains(More)
The actin cytoskeleton is a dynamic cellular network known for its function in cell morphology and motility. Recent studies using high resolution and real time imaging techniques have revealed that actin plays a critical role in signal transduction, primarily by modulating the dynamics and organization of membrane-associated receptors and signaling(More)
Upon recognizing cognate antigen, B cells mobilize multiple cellular apparatuses to propagate an optimal response. Antigen binding is transduced into cytoplasmic signaling events through B-cell antigen receptor (BCR)-based signalosomes at the B-cell surface. BCR signalosomes are dynamic and transient and are subsequently endocytosed for antigen processing.(More)
Overnutrition activates a proinflammatory program in macrophages to induce insulin resistance (IR), but its molecular mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Here, we show that saturated fatty acid and lipopolysaccharide, two factors implicated in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced IR, suppress macrophage CGI-58 expression. Macrophage-specific CGI-58 knockout(More)
mTOR signaling links bioenergetic and biosynthetic metabolism to immune responses. mTOR is activated by diverse upstream stimuli, including immune signals, growth factors, and nutrients. Recent studies highlight crucial roles of mTOR signaling in immune functions mediated by conventional T cells and Tregs In this review, we discuss the regulation of mTOR(More)
In this work, patchouli oil embedded chitosan-gelatin microcapsules were prepared by the complex coacervation method. Their surface and morphology were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), showing that the microcapsules were with a regular spherical shape in the range of 1 and 20 μm. In the thermal stability analysis, the microcapsules were(More)