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Calcium and lipid peroxidation play important roles in oxidative stress-induced cellular injury and apoptosis, which ultimately cause cell death. In this study we examined whether protopine had a neuroprotection against H(2)O(2)-induced injury in PC12 cells. Pretreatment of PC12 cells with protopine improved the cell viability, enhanced activities of(More)
Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) are derived from nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase. Angiotensin II (Ang II) can cause endothelial dysfunction by promoting intracellular ROS generation. Safflor yellow B (SYB) effectively inhibits ROS generation by upregulating Bcl-2 expression. In this study, we examined the effects of(More)
Excessive glutamate release causes overactivation of N-methyld-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), leading to excitatory neuronal damage in cerebral ischemia. Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), a compound extracted from Carthamus tinctorius L., has been reported to exert a neuroprotective effect in many pathological conditions, including brain ischemia. However, the(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the neuroprotective effects of 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 on focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats was employed. The behavioral tests were used to evaluate the damage to central nervous system. The infarct area of brain was assessed in the brain(More)
Previous research has shown that salvianic acid A [2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-hydroxy-propanoic acid, SA] extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE (Danshen) markedly inhibits lipid peroxidation of mitochondrial membrane of hepatic cells in vitro. The present study was conducted to examine protective effect of SA on liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride(More)
To discover and develop novel natural compounds, active ingredients, single herbs and combination formulas or prescriptions in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with therapeutic selectivity that can preferentially kill cancer cells and inhibit the amplification of cancer without significant toxicity is an important area in cancer therapy. A lot of valuable(More)
Our previous study demonstrates that SYB produces a neuroprotective effect in vivo. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of safflor yellow B (SYB) on the acute oxidative injury induced by H(2)O(2) and mechanisms in PC12 cells. H(2)O(2) was used to mimic in vitro model of the oxidative injury and to induce apoptosis in PC12 cells. The(More)
Emodin-8-O-beta-D-glucoside extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc is widely used to treat acute hepatitis possibly by antioxidative mechanisms. The present study was designed to investigate whether emodin-8-O-beta-D-glucoside exerted neuroprotective effects on the focal cerebral injury induced by ischemia(More)
AIM To study the effects of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on the mitochondrial function of cortex mitochondrial during cerebral ischemia in rats. METHODS Rat focal cerebral ischemia model in rats was established by ligation of middle cerebral central artery. Cortex mitochondria were isolated and prepared for the measurement of membrane fluidity,(More)
Huperzine A is an anticholinesterase and cognitive enhancer, which is able to alleviate the symptoms of memory dysfunction in the mouse. The fast metabolization rate and narrow therapeutic spectrum makes it unfit for clinical use. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) microsphere as delivery system effectively maintains the blood concentration of huperzine A by a(More)