Chao-jie Zhang

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Perfluorinated acids (PFAs) have been recognized as emerging environmental pollutants because of their widespread occurrences, persistence, and bioaccumulative and toxicological effects. PFAs have been detected in aquatic environment and biota in China, but the occurrences of these chemicals have not been reported in solid matrices in China. In the present(More)
Perfluoroalkyl surfactants (PASs) have attracted increasing concerns in recent years due to their global distribution, persistence, bioaccumulation and potential toxicity. Since sludge was a significant source of PASs to environment, the sorption of short (C2-C6) and long-chain (C7-C15) PASs on different sewage sludge was investigated in this study. The(More)
NO reacts spontaneously with superoxide to produce the potent oxidant peroxynitrite. Studies were designed to examine the role of NO-derived oxidants and peroxynitrite on the regulation of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity by angiotensin II (ANG II) freshly isolated rat proximal tubules. At picomolar concentrations ANG II stimulates Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity, but(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal oxidant injury and the role of nitric oxide (NO) were evaluated using the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor L-iminoethyl-lysine (L-NIL). One group of male rats received LPS (Salmonella minnesota; 2 mg/kg, i.v.). A second group received LPS plus L-NIL (3 mg/kg, i.p.). A third group received saline i.v. At(More)
Angiotensin II receptors are present along the rat inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD), although their physiological role is unknown. Because urea is one of the major solutes transported across the terminal IMCD, we measured angiotensin II's effect on urea permeability. In the perfused rat terminal IMCD, angiotensin II had no effect on basal urea(More)
Raw and treated landfill leachate samples were collected from 5 municipal landfill sites in China to measure the concentrations and contamination profile of perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in leachate during different steps of treatment. The total concentration of PFAAs (∑PFAAs) ranged from 7280 to 292,000 ng L(-1) in raw leachate and from 98.4 to 282,000 ng(More)
The role of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hepatic oxidant stress was evaluated using the iNOS inhibitor L-iminoethyl-lysine (L-NIL). Male rats were divided into three groups. One group received LPS (Salmonella minnesota) 2 mg/kg i.v. A second group received LPS plus L-NIL (3 mg/kg i.p.) at the time of LPS(More)
We examined the signal transduction cascade of angiotensin II in isolated rat proximal tubules. Angiotensin II induced a rapid (15 sec) concentration-dependent rise in intracellular free Ca2+ (EC50 = 1.7 nM). The rise in Ca2+ was blocked by the angiotensin II receptor AT1 specific antagonist SK&F 108566. This indicates that the rise in Ca2+ is fully(More)
Laboratory-scale batch experiments were conducted to investigate the sorption and degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) at microg/L range in an aerobic activated sludge system. The sorption isotherms and thermodynamics indicated that the sorption of BPA on sludge was mainly a physical process in which partitioning played a dominating role. The values of sorption(More)
Globally distributed and highly stable, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has prompted much concern regarding its accumulation in the natural environment and its threats to ecosystems. Therefore, it is desirable to develop an effective treatment against PFOA pollution. In this study, a photo-reduction method is developed and evaluated for the decomposition of(More)