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We demonstrate unrepeated 200-km transmission of 40-Gbit/s 16-QAM signals using a digital coherent receiver, where the decision-directed carrier-phase estimation is employed. The phase fluctuation is effectively eliminated in the 16-QAM system with such a phase-estimation method, when the linewidth of semiconductor lasers for the transmitter and the local(More)
Oblivious RAM (ORAM) is a cryptographic primitive that can prevent information leakage in the access trace to untrusted external memory. It has become an important component in modern secure processors. However, the major obstacle of adopting an ORAM design is the significantly induced overhead in memory accesses. Recently, Path ORAM has attracted(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known toxic compound for the kidney in vivo and in vitro. It has been demonstrated to induce nephrotoxicity via in part by apoptotic cell death, but the precise mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, we have studied the effects of Cd on HEK 293 cells and investigated the mechanisms of Cd-induced apoptosis. Studies of morphology and(More)
Adult stem cells with multi or unipotent differentiation potential are present in almost all tissues of adult organisms. The main function of these stem cells is to support normal repair and rejuvenation of diseased and aging tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from the bone marrow have the potential to differentiate into multiple connective(More)
Long-term clinical studies of drug-eluting stents (DES) have reported high incidence of late thrombosis. Given the growing concern over the clinical application of this technology, we have developed a stent coated with bi-layered PLGA nanoparticles (BL-PLGA NPs) containing VEGF plasmid in the outer layer and paclitaxel (PTX) in the inner core (VEGF/PTX(More)
BACKGROUND The human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase, which mediates pleiotropic effects, including the regulation of senescence and proliferation and plays an important role in carcinogenesis. This study attempts to clarify the genetic predisposition to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), focusing on(More)
Soil organic carbon (SOC) is an important component of agricultural soil. Understanding the storage of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) helps us understand how ecosystems would respond to natural and anthropogenic disturbances under different management strategies. Although the quantity of SOC stocks in the Loess Plateau has been previously investigated, the(More)
Recently, an emerging non-volatile memory called Racetrack Memory (RM) becomes promising to satisfy the requirement of increasing on-chip memory capacity. RM can achieve ultra-high storage density by integrating many bits in a tape-like racetrack, and also provide comparable read/write speed with SRAM. However, the lack of circuit-level modeling has limited(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the anti-obesity effects of nucleus accumbens shell (NAc-sh) deep brain stimulation (DBS) in diet-induced obese (DIO) and chow-fed (chow) rats. The influence of DBS on dopamine (DA) signaling in the NAc-sh was also evaluated. DIO and chow rats were subjected to DBS for 14 consecutive days. Food intake and weight gain were(More)
Emerging non-volatile memories (NVMs), which include PC-RAM and STT-RAM, have been proposed to replace DRAM, mainly because they have better scalability and lower standby power. However, previous research has demonstrated that these NVMs cannot completely replace DRAM due to either lifetime/performance (PCRAM) or density (STT-RAM) issues. Recently, a new(More)