Chao-Yang Lu

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1) Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China. 2) Institut für Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Technikerstraβe 21A, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria. 3) Physikalisches(More)
Single quantum emitters (SQEs) are at the heart of quantum optics and photonic quantum-information technologies. To date, all the demonstrated solid-state single-photon sources are confined to one-dimensional (1D; ref. 3) or 3D materials. Here, we report a new class of SQEs based on excitons that are spatially localized by defects in 2D tungsten-diselenide(More)
Single-photon sources based on semiconductor quantum dots offer distinct advantages for quantum information, including a scalable solid-state platform, ultrabrightness and interconnectivity with matter qubits. A key prerequisite for their use in optical quantum computing and solid-state networks is a high level of efficiency and indistinguishability. Pulsed(More)
We experimentally demonstrate an optical controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate with arbitrary single inputs based on a 4-photon 6-qubit cluster state entangled both in polarization and spatial modes. We first generate the 6-qubit state, and then, by performing single-qubit measurements, the CNOT gate is applied to arbitrary single input qubits. To characterize the(More)
We report the first experimental demonstration of quantum entanglement among ten spatially separated single photons. A near-optimal entangled photon-pair source was developed with simultaneously a source brightness of ∼12  MHz/W, a collection efficiency of ∼70%, and an indistinguishability of ∼91% between independent photons, which was used for a(More)
Quantum teleportation provides a 'disembodied' way to transfer quantum states from one object to another at a distant location, assisted by previously shared entangled states and a classical communication channel. As well as being of fundamental interest, teleportation has been recognized as an important element in long-distance quantum communication,(More)
Confined spins in self-assembled semiconductor quantum dots promise to serve both as probes for studying mesoscopic physics in the solid state and as stationary qubits for quantum-information science1–7. Moreover, the excitations of self-assembled quantum dots can interact with nearinfrared photons, providing an interface between stationary and ‘flying’(More)
Scalable photonic quantum technologies require on-demand single-photon sources with simultaneously high levels of purity, indistinguishability, and efficiency. These key features, however, have only been demonstrated separately in previous experiments. Here, by s-shell pulsed resonant excitation of a Purcell-enhanced quantum dot-micropillar system, we(More)
The fundamental unit for quantum computing is the qubit, an isolated, controllable two-level system. However, for many proposed quantum computer architectures, especially photonic systems, the qubits can be lost or can leak out of the desired two-level systems, posing a significant obstacle for practical quantum computation. Here, we experimentally(More)
Scalable quantum computing can be achieved only if quantum bits are manipulated in a fault-tolerant fashion. Topological error correction--a method that combines topological quantum computation with quantum error correction--has the highest known tolerable error rate for a local architecture. The technique makes use of cluster states with topological(More)