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Stem cells and cancer cells maintain telomere length mostly through telomerase. Telomerase activity is high in male germ line and stem cells, but is low or absent in mature oocytes and cleavage stage embryos, and then high again in blastocysts. How early embryos reset telomere length remains poorly understood. Here, we show that oocytes actually have(More)
In addition to its role in megakaryocyte production, signaling initiated by thrombopoietin (TPO) activation of its receptor, myeloproliferative leukemia virus protooncogene (c-Mpl, or Mpl), controls HSC homeostasis and self-renewal. Under steady-state conditions, mice lacking the inhibitory adaptor protein Lnk harbor an expanded HSC pool with enhanced(More)
Epitope vaccine is a promising option for therapeutic vaccination against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. In this study, we constructed a multi-epitope vaccine with five epitopes and mucosal adjuvant E. coli heat-labile enterotoxin B subunit (LTB) named HUepi-LTB and evaluated its therapeutic effect against H. pylori infection in BALB/c mice(More)
The adaptor protein APPL1 (adaptor protein containing pleckstrin homology (PH), phosphotyrosine binding (PTB), and leucine zipper motifs) was first identified as a binding protein of AKT2 by yeast two-hybrid screening. APPL1 was subsequently found to bind to several membrane-bound receptors and was implicated in their signal transduction through AKT and/or(More)
The mu- and m-calpain proteases have been implicated in both pro- or anti-apoptotic functions. Here we compared cell death responses and apoptotic or survival signaling pathways in primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from wild type or capn4 knock-out mice which lack both mu- and m-calpain activities. Capn4(-/-) MEFs displayed resistance to(More)
In this work, we investigated the anaerobic decolorization of methyl orange (MO), a typical azo dye, by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, which can use various organic and inorganic substances as its electron acceptor in natural and engineered environments. S. oneidensis MR-1 was found to be able to obtain energy for growth through anaerobic respiration(More)
CD4(+) T cell responses are critical for the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori infection. The present study evaluated the role of the Th17 subset in H. pylori infection. H. pylori infection induced significant expression of IL-17 and IFN-gamma in mouse gastric tissue. IL-23 and IL-12 were increased in the gastric tissue and in H. pylori-stimulated(More)
Ubiquitously expressed mu- and m-calpain proteases are implicated in development and apoptosis. They consist of 80-kDa catalytic subunits encoded by the capn1 and capn2 genes, respectively, and a common 28-kDa regulatory subunit encoded by the capn4 gene. The regulatory subunit is required to maintain the stability and activity of mu- and m-calpains.(More)
A metagenomic library of surface-water microbes from the Yangtze River in China was constructed, and a novel esterase, designated as EstY, was isolated and characterized. EstY had 423 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 44 kDa and pI of 7.28. It hydrolyzed various pnitrophenyl esters (acetate, butyrate, caprate, caprylate, laurate, myristate,(More)
Integrated and genome-based flux balance analysis, metabolomics, and (13)C-label profiling of phototrophic and heterotrophic metabolism in Chlorella protothecoides, an oleaginous green alga for biofuel. The green alga Chlorella protothecoides, capable of autotrophic and heterotrophic growth with rapid lipid synthesis, is a promising candidate for biofuel(More)