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To build a new wireless robotic capsule endoscope with external guidance for controllable and interactive GI tract examination, a sensing system is needed for tracking 3D location and 2D orientation of the capsule movement. An appropriate sensing approach is to enclose a small permanent magnet in the capsule. The magnet establishes a magnetic field around(More)
This paper introduces a centralized approach to data gathering and communication for wireless sensor networks. Inspired by the social behaviors of ants, we clearly partition the work for the base station and sensor nodes according to their different functions and capabilities. A near-optimal chain is achieved by using an ant colony optimization method ruing(More)
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have received considerable attention as a novel class of biomarkers for the diagnosis of cancer and as signalling molecules in mediating intercellular communication. Schistosomes, the causative agents of schistosomiasis, live in the blood vessels of a mammalian host in the adult stage. In the present study, we characterized(More)
Matrix stiffness as a novel regulation factor involves in modulating the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invasion or metastasis. However, the mechanism by which matrix stiffness modulates HCC angiogenesis remains unknown. Here, using buffalo rat HCC models with different liver matrix stiffness backgrounds and an in vitro cell culture system(More)
MicroRNAs are subject to precise regulation and have key roles in tumorigenesis. In contrast to the oncogenic role of miR-22 reported in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and breast cancer, here we show that miR-22 is an essential anti-tumour gatekeeper in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) where it is significantly downregulated. Forced expression of(More)
In this paper, we propose a novel localization algorithm for tracking a magnet inside the capsule endoscope by 3-axis magnetic sensors array. In the algorithm, we first use an improved linear algorithm to obtain the localization parameters by finding the eigenvector corresponding to the minimum eigenvalue of the objective matrix. These parameters are used(More)
To build a new type of wireless capsule endoscope with interactive gastrointestinal tract examination, a localization and orientation system is needed for tracking 3D location and 3D orientation of the capsule movement. The magnetic localization and orientation method produces only 5 DOF, but misses the information of rotation angle along capsule's main(More)
This paper presents a novel approach to active capsule robot, traversing in a tubular and compliant environment containing solid-liquid mixture. One of the application fields is active capsule endoscopy intended to navigate inside the gastrointestinal tract for diagnosis and therapy. This robot is driven by a screw impeller, which converts rotation to axial(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a type of small non-coding RNA molecule that has important roles in cancer initiation, promotion and progression by negatively regulating gene expression. In this study, we explored the role of miRNAs in the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The miRNA expression profiles were determined in 5 pairs of NSCLC(More)
To improve the quality of images collected by the wireless capsule endoscope (WCE) and to decrease the system energy consumption, we proposed a novel design of WCE. This WCE system integrates a CMOS sensor with an optional JPEG compression engine, a low power consumption high-performance micro-controller and an ultra low power RF transceiver in a small(More)