Chao-Hsu Lin

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Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), including Graves disease (GD) and Hashimoto disease (HD), is an organ-specific autoimmune disease with a strong genetic component. Although the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4) polymorphism has been reported to be associated with AITD in adults, few studies have focused on children. The aim of our study(More)
BACKGROUND The CTLA4 gene is involved in the activity of T cells. AIM To determine the association between Graves' disease (GD) susceptibility and CT60 polymorphism of the CTLA4 gene. PATIENTS 189 children with GD and 620 healthy controls. METHODS We determined the genotype with restriction fragment length polymorphism and compared results. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is increasing rapidly worldwide, predominantly in younger individuals. We developed a checklist of all symptoms of T1D reported in the literature and compared the completeness of the recording of symptoms at initial presentation before and after the checklist was adopted. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
Evaluation of thyroid hormone indices was performed in 138 children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, with their siblings serving as controls. The DKA group consisted of 76 children who had diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) at initial diagnosis. The non-DKA group consisted of 62 children and the control group of 35. The thyroid function tests of the patients(More)
We report a girl with Wolfram syndrome who presented with juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus when she was 4 3/12 years old. Optic atrophy and high frequency sensorineural hearing loss were found at 7 and 9 5/12 years of age, respectively. Her younger brother also developed Wolfram syndrome when he was 3 2/12 years old. Wolfram syndrome is also called DIDMOAD(More)
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease involving a complex interplay of multiple genetic and environmental influences. An association between the disorder and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC; human leukocyte antigen [HLA]) region has long been reported. The major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related gene A (MICA) has a triplet repeat(More)
PURPOSE The long-term impact of Helicobacter pylori infection is complex, and concerns about the need for eradication exist. We conducted this case control study to investigate the association between H. pylori infection and failure to thrive (FTT). PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 2009 to December 2011, 53 children with FTT group and matched children(More)
BACKGROUND Scrub typhus is a zoonotic disease that remains an important health threat in endemic areas. Appropriate anti-rickettsial treatment ensures a successful recovery. Doxycycline is a recommended drug, but it is contraindicated in pregnant women and young children. Azithromycin is a safer alternative drug, but its effectiveness remains largely(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in children and adolescents is increasing in incidence worldwide. It is the leading type of newly diagnosed diabetes in Taiwan among school children. T2DM is associated with metabolic syndrome in adults, so we tried to find out if these metabolic disorders are present in children. METHODS From 1989 to 2003, 22(More)
The prevalence of obesity in adolescents is increasing rapidly. Obesity is associated with insulin resistance, which increases the risk for type 2 diabetes. We investigated insulin resistance in obese adolescents and its relationship to acanthosis nigricans. Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were measured and each was expressed as a standard(More)