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—The requirement to reduce the computational cost of evaluating a point probability density estimate when employing a Parzen window estimator is a well-known problem. This paper presents the Reduced Set Density Estimator that provides a kernel-based density estimator which employs a small percentage of the available data sample and is optimal in the L 2(More)
We investigated the emergence of discriminative responses to pitch by recording 2-, 3-, and 4-month-old infants' electro-encephalogram responses to infrequent pitch changes in piano tones. In all age groups, infants' responses to deviant tones were significantly different from responses to standard tones. However, two types of mismatch responses were(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) cation channels are encoded by HCN1-4 gene family and have four subtypes. These channels are activated upon hyperpolarization of membrane potential and conduct an inward, excitatory current Ih in the nervous system. Ih acts as pacemaker current to initiate rhythmic firing, dampen dendritic(More)
A semantic link peer-to-peer (P2P) network specifies and manages semantic relationships between peers' data schemas and can be used as the semantic layer of a scalable Knowledge Grid. The proposed approach consists of an automatic semantic link discovery method, a tool for building and maintaining P2P semantic link networks (P2PSLNs), a semantic-based peer(More)
In order to process speech and music, the auditory cortex must learn to process patterns of sounds. Our previous studies showed that with a stream consisting of a repeating (standard) sound, younger infants show an increase in the amplitude of a positive slow wave in response to occasional changes (deviants) in pitch or duration, whereas older infants show(More)
Automated currency validation requires a decision to be made regarding the authenticity of a banknote presented to the validation system. This decision often has to be made with little or no information regarding the characteristics of possible counterfeits as is the case for issues of new currency. A method for automated currency validation is presented(More)
Semantics shows diversity in real world, document world, mental abstraction world and machine world. Transformation between semantics pursues the uniformity in the diversity. The Resource Space Model (RSM) is a semantic data model for organizing resources based on the classification semantics that human often use in understanding the real world. The design(More)
In addition to providing utility, and possibly capital gains, housing facilitates credit transactions when home equity serves as collateral. We document big increases in home-equity loans coinciding with the US house-price boom, and suggest a connection. When it is used as collateral, housing bears a liquidity premium. Since liquidity is endogenous, and(More)
This paper describes a method for designing oversampled DFT filter banks (FB) optimized for subband acoustic echo cancellation (AEC). For this application, the design requirements typically are good echo cancellation quality, low delay, small reconstruction error, and low computation complexity. Our method explicitly includes a model for echo return loss(More)
Previous studies have reported two types of event-related potential (ERP) mismatch responses in infants to infrequent auditory changes: a broad discriminative positivity in younger infants and a negativity resembling adult mismatch negativity (MMN) in older infants. In the present study, we investigated whether the positive discriminative slow wave and the(More)