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Apple is an economically important fruit crop worldwide. Developing a genetic linkage map is a critical step towards mapping and cloning of genes responsible for important horticultural traits in apple. To facilitate linkage map construction, we surveyed and characterized the distribution and frequency of perfect microsatellites in assembled contig(More)
Peach (Prunus persica) is one of the most important of deciduous fruit trees worldwide. To facilitate isolation of genes controlling important horticultural traits of peach, transcriptome sequencing was conducted in this study. A total of 133 million pair-end RNA-Seq reads were generated from leaf, flower, and fruit, and 90 % of reads were mapped to the(More)
In addition to providing utility, and possibly capital gains, housing facilitates credit transactions when home equity serves as collateral. We document big increases in home-equity loans coinciding with the US house-price boom, and suggest a connection. When it is used as collateral, housing bears a liquidity premium. Since liquidity is endogenous, and(More)
Fruit skin color is an important parameter of outer quality and plays an important role in attracting customers. In many plants, it is the result of coordinative regulation of anthocyanin pathway genes. In our study, the differential expression of cDNA library in a pair of pear mutant with red and green color was investigated to find candidate genes which(More)
  • Chao Gu, Fabrizio Mattesini, Randall Wright, Luis Araujo, Cyril Monnet, Guillaume Rocheteau +2 others
  • 2014
Are money and credit both essential? We show in a standard model the answer is — no. If credit is easy, money has no role. If credit is tight, money can be valued, but then changes in debt limits are neutral. This is true for any (not only optimal) monetary policy, and whether debt and tax limits are exogenous or endogenous; it can be overturned by(More)
The usual red color of young leaves of peach (Prunus persica f. atropurpurea) is due to the accumulation of anthocyanin. Real-time PCR analysis revealed a strong correlation between the expression levels of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes and anthocyanin content in leaves at different developmental stages. The expression profiles of both anthocyanin(More)
BACKGROUND The association between rs13387042 polymorphism on 2q35 and breast cancer (BC) has been widely evaluated since it was first identified through genome-wide association approach. However, the results have been inconclusive. To investigate this inconsistency, we performed a meta-analysis of all available studies dealing with the relationship between(More)
Persistent inflammation and neovascularization are critical to cancer development. In addition to upregulation of positive control mechanisms such as overexpression of angiogenic and inflammatory factors in the cancer microenvironment, loss of otherwise normally functioning negative control mechanisms is likely to be an important attribute. Insights into(More)
The breakdown of self-incompatibility, which could result from the accumulation of non-functional S-haplotypes or competitive interaction between two different functional S-haplotypes, has been studied extensively at the molecular level in tetraploid Rosaceae species. In this study, two tetraploid Chinese cherry (Prunus pseudocerasus) cultivars and one(More)
ZSTK474 [2-(2-difluoromethylbenzimidazol-1-yl)-4,6-dimorpholino-1,3,5-triazine] is a novel phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor that exhibits potent antitumor effects. Recent studies have shown that ZSTK474 is also with anti-inflammatory properties in collagen-induced arthritis. However, the effects of ZSTK474 on dendritic cells and inflammatory(More)