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Cell death was examined by studying the spinal cords of rats subjected to traumatic insults of mild to moderate severity. Within minutes after mild weight drop impact (a 10 gm weight falling 6.25 mm), neurons in the immediate impact area showed a loss of cytoplasmic Nissl substances. Over the next 7 d, this lesion area expanded and cavitated. Terminal(More)
Two regioisomers with C3 or D3 symmetry of water-soluble carboxylic acid C60 derivatives, containing three malonic acid groups per molecule, were synthesized and found to be equipotent free radical scavengers in solution as assessed by EPR analysis. Both compounds also inhibited the excitotoxic death of cultured cortical neurons induced by exposure to(More)
Dopamine signaling in nucleus accumbens is essential for cocaine reward. Interestingly, imaging studies have reported blunted dopamine increases in striatum (assessed as reduced binding of [(11)C]raclopride to D2/D3 receptors) in detoxified cocaine abusers. Here, we evaluate whether the blunted dopamine response reflected the effects of detoxification and(More)
This paper presents a novel compact coding approach , composite quantization, for approximate nearest neighbor search. The idea is to use the composition of several elements selected from the dictionaries to accurately approximate a vector and to represent the vector by a short code composed of the indices of the selected elements. To efficiently compute(More)
In this paper we present a novel real-time algorithm for simultaneous pose and shape estimation for articulated objects, such as human beings and animals. The key of our pose estimation component is to embed the articulated deformation model with exponential-maps-based parametrization into a Gaussian Mixture Model. Benefiting from this probabilistic(More)
Cocaine-induced stroke is among the most serious medical complications associated with its abuse. However, the extent to which acute cocaine may induce silent microischemia predisposing the cerebral tissue to neurotoxicity has not been investigated; in part, because of limitations of current neuroimaging tools, that is, lack of high spatiotemporal(More)
Postischemic seizures are associated with worsened outcome following stroke, but the underlying pathophysiology is poorly understood. Here we examined acute seizures in adult mice following hypoxia-ischemia (HI) via combined behavioral, electrophysiological, and histological assessments. C57BL/6 mice aged 4-9 months received a permanent occlusion of the(More)
We present doubly stochastic gradient MCMC, a simple and generic method for (approximate) Bayesian inference of deep gen-erative models in the collapsed continuous parameter space. At each MCMC sampling step, the algorithm randomly draws a mini-batch of data samples to estimate the gradient of log-posterior and further estimates the intractable expectation(More)
Previous studies have implicated both excitotoxicity and apoptosis in the pathogenesis of cerebral infarction induced by focal ischemic insults. Here we tested the possibility that the NMDA antagonist, dextrorphan, and the protein synthesis inhibitor, cycloheximide, would produce additive protective effects in a rodent model of focal ischemia-reperfusion.(More)
We have previously described a rodent model of brief (30 min) middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion, in which infarction develops gradually, reaching completion more than 3 days after ischemia, accompanied by morphological, biochemical, and pharmacological evidence of apoptosis. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that delayed(More)