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Agroforestry has been widely practiced in the Loess Plateau region of China because of its prominent effects in reducing soil and water losses, improving land-use efficiency and increasing economic returns. However, the agroforestry practices may lead to competition between crops and trees for underground soil moisture and nutrients, and the trees on the(More)
BACKGROUND The recent emergence of azithromycin-resistant (AZM-R) N. gonorrhoeae isolates that have coevolved decreased susceptibility to extended-spectrum cephalosporins has caused great concern. Here we investigated the prevalence of decreased susceptibility to ceftriaxone (CRO(D)) in AZM-R isolates and genetically characterized AZM-R isolates in(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to blend liquid lipids with solid lipids to encapsulate curcumin in solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs), thereby improving the dispersibility and chemical stability of curcumin, prolonging its antitumour activity and cellular uptake and enhancing its bioavailability. METHODS Curcumin-loaded SLNs (C-SLNs) were prepared(More)
The present study aims to evaluate the anticancer activity of puerarin nanosuspensions in human colon cancer HT-29 cell line in vitro and in vivo. Puerarin nanosuspensions were prepared by the high-pressure homogenization (HPH) technique. The HT-29 cells were incubated with increasing concentrations of puerarin solution and nanosuspensions for indicated(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), a common pathogen residing in the gastrointestinal tract, has been well characterized in stomach cancer,while its correlation with esophageal cancer remains poorly understood. In this study, we aim to assess the relationship between esophageal intraepithelial H. pylori invasion and inflammation as well as atypical(More)
Ursolic acid (UA), which is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, has the potential to be developed as an anticancer drug, whereas its poor aqueous solubility and dissolution rate limit its clinical application. The aim of the present study was to develop UA nanocrystals to enhance its aqueous dispersibility, dissolution rate and anticancer activity.(More)
A surprisingly large proportion of new chemical entities (NCE) is emerging from the drug discovery pipeline, and many active components extracted from herbal medicines are water insoluble, which represents a great challenge for their development. Nanosuspensions, which are submicron colloidal dispersions of pure drug particles that are stabilised by a small(More)
A total of 1224 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from Guangzhou in 2 periods (2000-2005 and 2008-2013) were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The percentage of penicillin- and ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates increased from 71.1% (473/665) to 90.9% (508/559) and 88.9% (591/665) to 98.0% (548/559), respectively. All isolates remain susceptible(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection represents the most important risk factor for gastric cancer, while its association with gastric cardia cancer (GCC) has not been recognized yet. In this current study, we aim to investigate the status of H. pylori infection in the gastric cardia tissue samples from high-risk populations in Chaoshan littoral region,(More)
AIM To describe a three-dimensional model (3DM) to accurately reconstruct anatomic relationships of centrally located hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). METHODS From March 2013 to July 2014, reconstructions and visual simulations of centrally located HCCs were performed in 39 patients using a 3D subject-based computed tomography (CT) model with(More)