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The nutritional regulation of skeletal muscle growth is very little documented in fish. The aim of the study presented here was to determine how changes in dietary plant protein sources and amino acid profiles affect the muscle growth processes of fish. Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchys mykiss) were fed two diets containing fish meal and a mixture of(More)
Triiodothyronine (T3) is considered a major regulator of mitochondrial activity. In this review, we show evidence of the existence of a direct T3 mitochondrial pathway, and try to clarify the respective importance of the nuclear and mitochondrial pathways for organelle activity. Numerous studies have reported short-term and delayed T3 stimulation of(More)
The importance of mitochondrial activity has recently been extended to the regulation of developmental processes. Numerous pathologies associated with organelle's dysfunctions emphasize their physiological importance. However, regulation of mitochondrial genome transcription, a key element for organelle's function, remains poorly understood. After(More)
The btg1 (B-cell translocation gene 1) gene coding sequence was isolated from a translocation break point in a case of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. We have already shown that BTG1, considered as an antiproliferative protein, strongly stimulates myoblast differentiation. However, the mechanisms involved in this influence remained unknown. In(More)
Mitochondrial and NADPH oxidase systems and oxidative stress were investigated in 12 week high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet-fed rats. A protective effect of wine polyphenol (PP) extract was also examined. In liver, maximal activities of CII and CII+III mitochondrial complexes were decreased but NADPH oxidase expression (p22(phox) and p47(phox)) and NADPH(More)
Thyroid hormone is a major determinant of energy expenditure and a key regulator of mitochondrial activity. We have previously identified a mitochondrial triiodothyronine receptor (p43) that acts as a mitochondrial transcription factor of the organelle genome, which leads, in vitro and in vivo, to a stimulation of mitochondrial biogenesis. Here we generated(More)
Covalent modification of antioxidants through lipophilization is an important field of research aiming at developing antioxidants with improved efficacy. However, due to insufficient knowledge on how hydrophobicity affects antioxidant activity, lipophilization strategies have been largely based on empirism. Often, the resulting lipophilized antioxidants(More)
With the aim to identify the oncoprotein partners implicated in the c-Jun myogenic influence, we carried out stable transfection experiments of c-Jun and/or ATF2, Fra2, c-Fos overexpression in avian myoblasts. Before induction of differentiation, c-Jun repressed myoblast withdrawal from the cell cycle, as did a TPA treatment. However, after serum removal,(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunctions are frequently reported in cancer cells, but their direct involvement in tumorigenesis remains unclear. To understand this relation, we stimulated mitochondrial activity by overexpression of the mitochondrial triiodothyronine receptor (p43) in human dermal fibroblasts. In all clones, this stimulation induced morphologic changes(More)
OBJECTIVES Phenolic antioxidants are currently attracting a growing interest as potential therapeutic agents to counteract diseases associated with oxidative stress. However, their high hydrophilicity results in a poor bioavailability hindering the development of efficient antioxidant strategies. A promising way to overcome this is to increase their(More)