Chantal Verdumo

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The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel, ENaC, is a heteromultimeric protein made up of three homologous subunits (alpha, beta and gamma) (1,2). In vitro, assembly and expression of functional active sodium channels in the Xenopus oocyte is strictly dependent on alpha-ENaC--the beta and gamma subunits by themselves are unable to induce an(More)
The secreted form of the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is an acute-phase protein intervening in the counterregulation of inflammatory processes. We previously showed that this cytokine antagonist is upregulated in the serum of obese patients, correlating with BMI and insulin resistance. In this study, we examined the expression pattern of(More)
Aldosterone-dependent epithelial sodium transport in the distal nephron is mediated by the absorption of sodium through the highly selective, amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) made of three homologous subunits (alpha, beta, and gamma). In human, autosomal recessive mutations of alpha, beta, or gammaENaC subunits cause(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ1 and 2 (PPARγ1 and 2), 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1), and leptin in adipose tissue (AT) of obese women during weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and to compare these levels with those obtained in AT of nonobese subjects. METHODS Gene(More)
The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is the limiting step for sodium absorption in epithelial cells of the distal nephron, distal colon, airways and excretory ducts of several glands. In vivo and in vitro studies showed that the alpha subunit of ENaC is necessary for the expression of functional channels. Using RT-PCR strategy, a novel(More)
Data regarding the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma(1) and PPAR-gamma(2) in human visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) are conflicting. To clarify this issue, we studied 50 women who had a BMI >35 kg/m(2) were undergoing gastric reduction surgery. Phenotyping included recording of(More)
We have isolated and characterised the promoter of the mouse Scnn1a (alpha ENaC) gene. Using transient transfections of serial deletion mutants into Scnn1a-expressing cells, we demonstrate that 1.56 kb of 5' upstream sequence is required for cell-specific expression and corticosteroid-mediated regulation. These 5' sequences are not sufficient to drive(More)
OBJECTIVE Increase in adipose cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) activity promotes adipocyte dysfunction and systemic insulin resistance in obese mice. This is achieved by increasing the expression of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3). In this study, we investigated whether impaired expression of the inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER),(More)
The adipose tissue is playing an important role in the development of human obesity and its related comorbidities, but little is known about the mechanisms governing its differentiation and proliferation. In this work, we studied the expression of transcription factors involved in fat storage and metabolic regulations in adipose tissue of 50(More)