Chantal Thys

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The exon-junction complex (EJC) performs essential RNA processing tasks. Here, we describe the first human disorder, thrombocytopenia with absent radii (TAR), caused by deficiency in one of the four EJC subunits. Compound inheritance of a rare null allele and one of two low-frequency SNPs in the regulatory regions of RBM8A, encoding the Y14 subunit of EJC,(More)
The paternally expressed extra-large stimulatory G protein gene (XLalphas) is a splice variant of the stimulatory G-protein gene (Gsalpha) consisting of XL-exon1 and exons 2-13 of Gsalpha. A second open reading frame (ORF) in XL-exon1, that completely overlaps the XL-domain ORF, encodes ALEX, which is translated from the XLalphas mRNA and binds the(More)
A new mutation is described in the X-linked gene GATA1, resulting in macrothrombocytopenia and mild dyserythropoietic features but no marked anemia in a 4-generation family. The molecular basis for the observed phenotype is a substitution of glycine for aspartate in the strictly conserved codon 218 (D218G) of the amino-terminal zinc finger loop of the(More)
RGS18 was originally identified as a R4 subfamily member of regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS) with specific expression in hematopoietic progenitors, myeloerythroid cells, and megakaryocytes, though its physiological role in hematopoiesis remained unknown. Here, we show that lentiviral RGS18 overexpression during differentiation of mouse Sca1(+)(More)
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare syndrome with repeated hemiplegic episodes, paroxysmal events and global neurological impairment. Recently, heterozygous de novo ATP1A3 missense mutations have been identified in AHC patients, but the underlying pathogenesis mechanism remains unknown. Mutation analysis of ATP1A3 in 9 unrelated AHC cases(More)
ATP is a potent agonist of the P2X1 ion channel, mediating a rapid, quickly desensitized influx of Ca2+. In hirudinized PRP, containing apyrase, the two stable selective P2X1 agonists, alpha,beta-methylene ATP, and L-beta,gamma-methylene ATP induced extracellular Ca2+-dependent fast and reversible platelet shape change, leading to desensitization of the(More)
CONTEXT GNAS is an imprinted region that gives rise to several transcripts, antisense transcripts, and noncoding RNAs, including transcription of RNA encoding the alpha-subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gsalpha). The complexity of the GNAS cluster results in ubiquitous genomic imprints, tissue-specific Gsalpha expression, and multiple genotype-phenotype(More)
CONTEXT Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia and pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism are characterized by Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO), respectively, with and without hormone resistance. Both clinical conditions result from decreased expression or function of the alpha-subunit of the stimulatory G protein (Gsalpha) of adenylyl cyclase due to(More)
BACKGROUND/METHODS Anti-von Willebrand factor (vWf) antibody mediated platelet activation was studied using 2 monoclonal anti-vWf antibodies promoting the binding of vWf to GPIbalpha: 1C1E7 (IgG2a) reacting with the vWf N-terminus and 75H4B12 (IgM), characterized in this paper and studied in association with 1C1E7. RESULTS 75H4B12 binds to an N-terminal(More)
The pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide of the vasoactive intestinal peptide/secretin/glucagon superfamily. Studies in two related patients with a partial trisomy 18p revealed three copies of the PACAP gene and elevated PACAP concentrations in plasma. The patients suffer from severe mental retardation and have a(More)