Chantal Mourton-Gilles

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The use of anti-PrP antibodies represents one of the most promising strategies for the treatment of prion diseases. In the present study, we screened various anti-PrP antibodies with the aim of identifying those that would block PrP(Sc) replication in prion-infected cell culture. Two antibodies, SAF34 recognizing the flexible octarepeats region on HuPrP(More)
Currently, there is no treatment to cure transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. By taking advantage of the 'prion-resistant' polymorphisms Q171R and E219K that naturally exist in sheep and humans, respectively, we have evaluated a therapeutic approach of lentiviral gene transfer. Here, we show that VSV-G (vesicular stomatitis virus G glycoprotein)(More)
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by an intraneuronal aggregation of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins into paired helical filaments. The hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins induces a decrease in their electrophoretic mobility, resulting in a pathological tau triplet referred to as tau 55, 64 and 69 or tau-PHF. We have developed monoclonal antibodies(More)
Tau proteins extracted from the brain of 12 adult microcebes ranging from 2 to 9 years old were characterized by Western blots, using immunological probes against normal and pathological human Tau proteins. In microcebes, the molecular weight of Tau proteins increases during aging, with variants of 52-54, 64, 67 kDa in the young adult and variants of 60 and(More)
Prion diseases are irreversible progressive neurodegenerative diseases, leading to severe incapacity and death. They are characterized in the brain by prion amyloid deposits, vacuolisation, astrocytosis, neuronal degeneration, and by cognitive, behavioural and physical impairments. There is no treatment for these disorders and stem cell therapy therefore(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are characterized by the accumulation in brain tissues of an abnormal isoform of the prion protein named PrPsc, which is the only direct marker known for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Here we show that PrPsc can be specifically immunoprecipitated by using several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) of various(More)
Senile plaque and paired helical filament (PHF) formation are characteristic of Alzheimer's disease, but the mechanisms leading to these lesions still remain unclear. To understand them better, we have performed different immunolabellings of amyloid protein and PHF. We describe a very specific immunodetection of PHF with AD2, a monoclonal antibody directed(More)
BACKGROUND Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are fatal neurodegenerative disease occurring in animals and humans for which no ante-mortem diagnostic test in biological fluids is available. In such pathologies, detection of the pathological form of the prion protein (i.e., the causative factor) in blood is difficult and therefore identification of(More)
To evaluate the usefulness of tau proteins as biological markers in the diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), we analyzed the concentration of tau proteins in 253 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with or without neurological disorders. Our study showed a significant increase of the mean CSF tau concentration in DAT patients(More)
Recently, numerous cases of dermatitis induced by dimethylfumarate (DMFu) have been reported in Europe. DMFu has been used to prevent mold development in various items, although it is not registered as a biocide. In France, from October 2008 to December 2009, more than 100 cases were reported. Despite a ban on articles containing DMFu and the removal of(More)