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Intellectual disability (ID) is frequent in the general population, with 1 in 50 individuals directly affected worldwide. The multiple etiologies include X-linked ID (XLID). Among syndromic XLID, few syndromes present severe ID associated with postnatal microcephaly and midline stereotypic hand movements. We report on three male patients with ID, midline(More)
Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a common malformation of the human cerebral cortex for which both acquired and genetic causes are known. Although genetic heterogeneity is documented, only one gene is currently known to cause isolated PMG. To clone new genes involved in this type of cerebral malformation, we studied a fetus presenting a defect of cortical(More)
Numerous recent reports have proposed that mutations in the C-terminal domain of the MECP2 gene could be a frequent cause of mental retardation in males. We have identified two mutations in this particular domain (S359P and E397K) in two boys who were screened for MECP2 mutations in a series of 23 mentally handicapped boys fitting the clinical description(More)
Mental retardation is a frequent condition that is clinically and genetically highly heterogeneous. One of the strategies used to identify new causative genes is to take advantage of balanced chromosomal rearrangements in affected patients. We characterized a de novo t(10;13) balanced translocation in a patient with severe mental retardation and major(More)
BACKGROUND Periventricular heterotopia (PH) is an etiologically heterogeneous disorder characterized by nodules of neurons ectopically placed along the lateral ventricles. Most affected patients have seizures and their cognitive level varies from normal to severely impaired. At present, two genes have been identified to cause PH when mutated. Mutations in(More)
Microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2, the most common human deletion syndrome encompasses a wide spectrum of abnormalities. Many clinical or ultrasonographic findings may support deletion studies, either in utero or in the post-natal period. The objective of our study was to evaluate the circumstances of 22q11.2 deletion diagnosis in a single centre of(More)
Overexpression of the C-type natriuretic peptide, encoded by the NPPC gene in 2q37.1, was recently reported in a patient presenting an overgrowth phenotype and a balanced t(2;7)(q37.1;q21.3) translocation. We present clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular data from two additional patients carrying balanced translocations involving the same 2q37.1 chromosome(More)
The Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability, and Facial (ICF) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that results from mutations in the DNMT3B gene, encoding a DNA-methyltransferase that acts on GC-rich satellite DNAs. This syndrome is characterized by immunodeficiency, facial dysmorphy, mental retardation of variable severity and chromosomal(More)
Xp22.3 deletion in males can be associated with short stature (SHOX), chondrodysplasia punctata (ARSE), mental retardation (MRX49 locus), ichthyosis (STS), Kallmann syndrome (KAL1) and ocular albinism (OA1), according to the size of the deletion. Studies of terminal and interstitial deletions in male patients with a partial nullisomy of the X chromosome(More)