Learn More
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PHS) is a probably underdiagnosed, syndromic mental retardation disorder, marked by hyperventilation episodes and characteristic dysmorphism (large beaked nose, wide mouth, fleshy lips, and clubbed fingertips). PHS was shown to be caused by de novo heterozygous mutations of the TCF4 gene, located in 18q21. We selected for this study(More)
Intellectual disability (ID) is frequent in the general population, with 1 in 50 individuals directly affected worldwide. The multiple etiologies include X-linked ID (XLID). Among syndromic XLID, few syndromes present severe ID associated with postnatal microcephaly and midline stereotypic hand movements. We report on three male patients with ID, midline(More)
The urofacial syndrome (UFS) or Ochoa syndrome has been reported as a rare autosomal recessive disorder comprising a uropathy and facial abnormalities. The gene was mapped on chromosome region 10q23-q24. We report the first European cases of UFS. Haplotype analyses in our French family were compared with those previously described in patients from Columbia(More)
BACKGROUND Periventricular heterotopia (PH) is an etiologically heterogeneous disorder characterized by nodules of neurons ectopically placed along the lateral ventricles. Most affected patients have seizures and their cognitive level varies from normal to severely impaired. At present, two genes have been identified to cause PH when mutated. Mutations in(More)
Numerous recent reports have proposed that mutations in the C-terminal domain of the MECP2 gene could be a frequent cause of mental retardation in males. We have identified two mutations in this particular domain (S359P and E397K) in two boys who were screened for MECP2 mutations in a series of 23 mentally handicapped boys fitting the clinical description(More)
Polymicrogyria (PMG) is a common malformation of the human cerebral cortex for which both acquired and genetic causes are known. Although genetic heterogeneity is documented, only one gene is currently known to cause isolated PMG. To clone new genes involved in this type of cerebral malformation, we studied a fetus presenting a defect of cortical(More)
The Immunodeficiency, Centromeric instability, and Facial (ICF) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that results from mutations in the DNMT3B gene, encoding a DNA-methyltransferase that acts on GC-rich satellite DNAs. This syndrome is characterized by immunodeficiency, facial dysmorphy, mental retardation of variable severity and chromosomal(More)
Overexpression of the C-type natriuretic peptide, encoded by the NPPC gene in 2q37.1, was recently reported in a patient presenting an overgrowth phenotype and a balanced t(2;7)(q37.1;q21.3) translocation. We present clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular data from two additional patients carrying balanced translocations involving the same 2q37.1 chromosome(More)
Mental retardation is a frequent condition that is clinically and genetically highly heterogeneous. One of the strategies used to identify new causative genes is to take advantage of balanced chromosomal rearrangements in affected patients. We characterized a de novo t(10;13) balanced translocation in a patient with severe mental retardation and major(More)