Chantal Mercure

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Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) converts the vasopressor angiotensin II (Ang II) into angiotensin (1-7) [Ang(1-7)], a peptide reported to have vasodilatory and cardioprotective properties. Inactivation of the ACE2 gene in mice has been reported by one group to result in an accumulation of Ang II in the heart and an age-related defect in cardiac(More)
Renin, a key component in the regulation of blood pressure in mammals, is produced by the rare and highly specialized juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney. Chronic stimulation of renin release results in a recruitment of new juxtaglomerular cells by the apparent conversion of adjacent smooth muscle cells along the afferent arterioles. Because juxtaglomerular(More)
We isolated a cDNA clone encoding the human prohormone convertase PC5 from human adrenal gland mRNA. The deduced protein sequence would encode a 915 amino acid preproPC5 that shares a very high degree of homology with previously cloned rat and mouse homologues. PC5 mRNA was detected in multiple human tissues, including the brain, adrenal and thyroid glands,(More)
Treatment of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells with the peptide hormone angiotensin II (Ang II) results in an increase in the concentrations of cytosolic free calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) and sodium ([Na(+)](i)) with a concomitant decrease in cytosolic free Mg(2+) concentration ([Mg(2+)](i)). In the present study we demonstrate that this hormone-induced(More)
Many endocrine and neuroendocrine cells contain specialized secretory organelles called dense core secretory granules. These organelles are the repository of proteins and peptides that are secreted in a regulated manner when the cell receives a physiological stimulus. The targeting of proteins to these secretory granules is crucial for the generation of(More)
The formation of the vasoactive peptide angiotensin II (AII) is dependent on the sequential action of two enzymes, renin and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), on the substrate angiotensinogen. Although the renin-producing cells of the kidney do not express angiotensinogen, they contain large amounts of AII in the same storage granules that contain renin.(More)
In humans, active renin is generated by the removal of a 43-amino acid prosegment from the zymogen prorenin. This cleavage event is highly specific, occurring at only one of the seven pairs of basic amino acids in the body of preprorenin. This cleavage site selectivity is also displayed by a number of other proteases in vitro and in mouse pituitary AtT-20(More)
The secretion of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) was measured in Brattleboro rats (DI) subjected to 20-h dehydration and in normal Long-Evans rats (LE) subjected to 72-h dehydration and 7 times within the hour following voluntary rehydration by drinking water. In these rats, water deprivation caused a large, significant drop in plasma immunoreactive ANF(More)
To determine the effect of water deprivation (mixed volume and osmotic stimulus) on the secretion of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), plasma immunoreactive ANF (IR-ANF), and plasma AVP were measured in normal conscious Sprague-Dawley rats. IR-ANF was decreased to 19.9 +/- 3.6 pg/ml (24 h dehydration), 9.8 +/- 2.5 pg/ml (48 h(More)
The aspartyl protease renin, an important modulator of blood pressure in humans, is present in the circulation not only in its active form, but also as an inactive precursor, prorenin, in which a 43-amino acid prosegment blocks access of the substrate to the active site of the enzyme. Site-directed mutagenesis of the prosegment has led to the following(More)