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Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in maturing mouse oocytes occurs after synthesis of Mos, a MAPKKK. To investigate whether Mos acts only through MEK1, we microinjected constitutively active forms of MEK1 (MEK1S218D/S222D referred herein as MEK*) and Raf (DeltaRaf) into mouse oocytes. In mos(-/-) oocytes, which do not activate MAPK(More)
In recent years, significant progress has been made in understanding cardiomyocyte differentiation. However, little is known about the regulation of myocyte survival despite the fact that myocyte apoptosis is a leading cause of heart failure. Here we report that transcription factor GATA-4 is a survival factor for differentiated, postnatal cardiomyocytes(More)
Forty patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES), defined according to the criteria established by Chusid et al., were studied retrospectively in order to determine the prognostic factors in this heterogeneous disease. A myeloproliferative syndrome (MPS) was diagnosed 17 times when splenomegaly and/or a greater than 5 times the normal vitamin B12, level(More)
We investigated whether serum titers of interleukin 10 (IL-10), a cytokine known to shift lymphocyte responses towards humoral immunity, reflect disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Sera from 72 SLE patients, 25 RA patients and 30 healthy controls were tested for IL-10 by ELISA. Low titers of IL-10 were detected in the serum of 37.5% of(More)
To determine the prevalence of haematological abnormalities in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), and assess the relationships between these changes, the severity of AN and the propensity to infections, we retrospectively studied 67 patients who met the DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria for AN. We recorded physical findings and routine haematological data on(More)
In humans, congenital heart defects occur in 1-2% of live birth, but the molecular mechanisms and causative genes remain unidentified in the majority of cases. We have uncovered a novel transcription pathway important for heart morphogenesis. We report that KLF13, a member of the Krüppel-like family of zinc-finger proteins, is expressed predominantly in the(More)
Angiotensin II (AII), a potent vasoactive hormone, acts on numerous organs via G-protein-coupled receptors and elicits cell-specific responses. At the level of the heart, AII stimulation alters gene transcription and leads to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Numerous intracellular signaling pathways are activated in this process; however, which of these directly(More)
In humans, septal defects are among the most prevalent congenital heart diseases, but their cellular and molecular origins are not fully understood. We report that transcription factor Tbx5 is present in a subpopulation of endocardial cells and that its deletion therein results in fully penetrant, dose-dependent atrial septal defects in mice. Increased(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether bone loss occurs over time in pre-menopausal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS We performed a longitudinal bone mineral density (BMD) analysis in a group of 35 pre-menopausal female SLE patients. Lumbar spine and hip (total and sub-regions) BMDs were measured twice 21 +/- 11 (mean +/- S.D.) months apart by(More)