Chantal Kohler

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BACKGROUND In addition to immediate reactions, late adverse reactions to iodinated contrast media (ICM) were reported in 2% to 5% of patients exposed to ICM and, as a consequence, have recently gained more attention. A few well-documented case reports postulate a hypersensitivity mechanism. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to demonstrate a T(More)
The diagnosis of pulmonary sarcoidosis relies in part on the observation of alveolar CD4+ lymphocytosis. However, this criterion is not fully discriminative because this anomaly is also found in other types of lung diseases. Among other possible distinctive criteria, we investigated the expression of lymphocyte-addressing molecules, which could differ(More)
Five hundred sixty-nine subjects routinely underwent skin prick tests for latent sensitization to latex. The study of risk factors included skin tests to inhalant allergens, to diagnose atopy, and a questionnaire aimed at revealing frequent exposure to latex such as the wearing of gloves, multiple surgical procedures, or urinary catheterization. The(More)
Twenty four male Sprague-Dawley albino rats in three equal (n = 8) groups were injected on two consecutive days with either p-chloroamphetamine hydrochloride (PCA) (10 mg/kg), H 102/09, an inhibitor of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) uptake (20 mg/kg) half an hour before PCA, or saline (1 ml/kg). Seven days later the acquisition of a two-way active avoidance(More)
Mesangial IgA in IgA nephropathy are dimers with a J chain but no poly-Ig receptor. This molecular structure has led to the hypothesis that these IgA are issued from the lamina propria of mucosal areas, reaching the kidney by way of the peripheral blood. The availability of hybridomas producing IgA dimers provided an opportunity to test this hypothesis in a(More)
The enumeration of lymphocyte subsets in absolute counts has long relied on different methods applied separately to whole blood cell count, lymphocyte differential appreciation, and flow cytometric evaluation of lymphocyte subsets percentages. The development of multicolor labeling methods inflow cytometry now allows a more homogeneous appreciation of(More)
The role of flavouring was studied in eleven children under five years of age suffering from severe atopic dermatitis. In all cases, the dietary questionnaire showed the high daily intake of natural vanilla, vanillin, natural and artificial flavouring. Double-blind oral provocation tests were carried out with balsam of Peru (225 mg), natural vanilla (50(More)
About 10% of health care professionals vaccinated against hepatitis B virus (HBV) fail to develop protective antibodies. We tested the capacity of peripheral blood lymphocytes from 121 health care professionals, including 76 non-responders, to proliferate to four HBV vaccines, examined the proliferating cells' subset, production of IFN-gamma, IL-4 and(More)
Occupational allergic rhinitis to proteins is increasing in importance. Two cases of latex-induced rhinitis are reported in a nurse's aid and a laboratory technician. A crossed food allergy is quoted. Positive prick-tests and specific IgE to latex have been demonstrated in both cases. A double-blind nasal challenge test has been performed with the rinse(More)
A cross-regulation between two regulatory T cell (T(reg) ) subsets [CD4(+) CD25(+) and invariant natural killer (NK) T - iNK T] has been described to be important for allograft tolerance induction. However, few studies have evaluated these cellular subsets in stable recipients as correlates of favourable clinical outcome after heart transplantation. T(reg)(More)