Chantal Humblet

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We have used in situ hybridization to investigate the expression of TNF-alpha genes by thymic cells during fetal development in mice. In 14-day-old fetal thymuses, very scarce cells produce TNF-alpha mRNA. A second phase of cytokine gene expression starts on day 16. The density of positive cells progressively increases up to day 20. Thymuses at 15 days of(More)
Many studies have already examined the hematopoietic recovery after irradiation but paid with very little attention to the bone marrow microenvironment. Nonetheless previous studies in a murine model of reversible radio-induced bone marrow aplasia have shown a significant increase in alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) prior to hematopoietic regeneration.(More)
Radio-induced thymic lymphomagenesis is associated with alterations in the balance between thymocyte subsets and cytokinetic perturbations. The objectives of this work were to investigate whether these alterations are associated with alterations in the basic levels of thymocyte apoptosis. For this purpose, we tested DNA fragmentation by gel electrophoresis,(More)
Cytokines are known to play a role in T-cell lymphopoiesis as potent growth or differentiation factors, but many experiments focusing on their role in the thymus have been conducted only in vitro. We have thus used frozen sections obtained from fetal thymuses of normal C57BL 6 mice to investigate by immunohistochemistry the presence of interleukin-1 beta(More)
This study investigates the involvement of the c-cbl protooncogene in thymocyte apoptosis occurring in vivo after hydrocortisone treatment. In the thymus of untreated mice, a few medullary and cortical thymocytes expressed p120cbl, mainly in the cytoplasm. In the cortex, their number and distribution resemble that of apoptotic cells evidenced by TUNEL(More)
The evolution of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation was studied during cancer induction in a model of thymic radiolymphomagenesis in C57BL/Ka mice. During the preneoplastic period, thymuses displayed an increase of the cytochrome c oxidase activity and oxygen consumption together with oxidative DNA damage assessed by the presence of the(More)
Adipocytes are part of hematopoietic microenvironment, even though up to now in humans, their role in hematopoiesis is still questioned. We have previously shown that accumulation of fat cells in femoral bone marrow (BM) coincides with increased expression of neuropilin-1 (NP-1), while it is weakly expressed in hematopoietic iliac crest BM. Starting from(More)
An adequate balance between serine proteases and their plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is critical for pathological angiogenesis. PAI-1 deficiency in mice is associated with impaired choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and tumoral angiogenesis. In the present work, we demonstrate unexpected differences in the contribution of bone marrow(More)
Different retrospective studies have shown that microvessel counting (MVC) is an independent prognostic marker for clinical outcome in breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of MVC alone or in association with classical clinicopathological parameters, as well as the reproducibility of the technique. We analyzed a(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), its receptors (VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2) and neuropillin-1 (NRP-1) are expressed at variable levels in bone marrow. NRP-1expression is higher in fatty bone marrow than in hematopoietic marrow. Adipocytes are responsible for NRP-1 expression suggesting that they may play a role in hematopoiesis by producing NRP-1 or that(More)