Chantal Guillemette

Learn More
Several novel UDP glycosyltransferase (UGT) genes, mainly UDP glucuronosyltransferases, have been identified in the human, mouse and rat genomes and in other mammalian species. This review provides an update of the UGT nomenclature to include these new genes and prevent the confusion that arises when the same gene is given different names. The new genes are(More)
ABSTRACTUDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes comprise a superfamily of key proteins that catalyze the glucuronidation reaction on a wide range of structurally diverse endogenous and exogenous chemicals. Glucuronidation is one of the major phase II drug-metabolizing reactions that contributes to drug biotransformation. This biochemical process is also(More)
One of the most important mechanisms involved in host defense against xenobiotic chemicals and endogenous toxins is the glucuronidation catalysed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase enzymes (UGT). The role of genetic factors in determining variable rates of glucuronidation is not well understood, but phenotypic evidence in support of such variation has been(More)
We examined the role of constitutional genetic variation at the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1 locus in breast cancer susceptibility. The UGT1A1 enzyme is a major UGT involved in estradiol glucuronidation. To date, four UGT1A1 variant alleles characterized by a variation in the number of TA from five through eight repeats in the atypical TATA box(More)
7-Ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) is the pharmacologically active metabolite of irinotecan, in addition to being responsible for severe toxicity. Glucuronidation is the main metabolic pathway of SN-38 and has been shown to protect against irinotecan-induced gastrointestinal toxicity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether common polymorphic(More)
Mycophenolic acid (MPA), a standard immunosuppressive drug, is characterized by unexplained highly variable pharmacokinetics in transplant recipients. The primary metabolic pathway of MPA is glucuronidation; however, literature reports are inconsistent and the contribution of all human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) has never been systematically(More)
In vitro metabolic studies revealed that along with UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1, the hepatic UGT1A9 and the extrahepatic UGT1A7 are involved in the biotransformation of the active and toxic metabolite of irinotecan, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38). Variant UGT1A1 and UGT1A7 alleles have been reported but the polymorphic nature of the UGT1A9(More)
(R,S)-Oxazepam is a 1,4-benzodiazepine anxiolytic drug that is metabolized primarily by hepatic glucuronidation. In previous studies, S-oxazepam (but not R-oxazepam) was shown to be polymorphically glucuronidated in humans. The aim of the present study was to identify UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms mediating R- and S-oxazepam glucuronidation in(More)
Uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) inactivate and facilitate the excretion of estrogens to glucuronides (-G), the most abundant circulating estrogen conjugates. The identity of the conjugated estrogens formed by all known overexpressed UGTs (n = 16) was analyzed by comparison with retention time and mass fragmentation of authentic standards(More)
To clarify the molecular determinants of the metabolic variability of morphine, we searched for genetic polymorphisms in the gene for uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) and evaluated their functional impact in vitro and in patients with cancer receiving long-term morphine therapy. Genetic analysis revealed the existence of 8(More)