Chantal Cousin

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The ability of Ad40 and Ad41 E1A plus E1B genes to transform BRK cells was considerably lower than that of Ad5 and Ad12 corresponding genes. However, as for Ad5, the E1A genes of enteric adenoviruses could cooperate with an activated ras oncogene for full cell transformation and the Ad41 E1B could be complemented by E1A gene of Ad5 or Ad12 for cell(More)
Human adenovirus type 2 mutant, H2 ts 111, presented a double phenotype: temperature-sensitive (ts) for initiation and elongation of DNA synthesis, and cytocidal (cyt) by its large-plaque formation and the nucleolytic cleavage of both viral and cellular DNAs. Both characters were recessive since they were efficiently complemented by wild-type or other(More)
All adenoviruses transform primary BRK cells in vitro, but only cells transformed by oncogenic adenoviruses are tumorigenic for immunocompetent animals. The transforming E1 regions of human Ad 2 and Ad 12 also differ from each other in the frequency in which they can transform BRK cells. We have investigated these properties which can be assigned to the(More)
A sequence element within plasmid pBR322 has a cis-acting negative effect on the expression of a cloned Ad gene in transient expression assays. The negative element is located between the PvuII and Tth111I restriction sites on pBR322 (nt 2068-2223). This element was also shown to be responsible for the decrease in focus number, when plasmids carrying Ad2 E1(More)
All human adenoviruses transform rodent cells in vitro, but only cells transformed by serotypes belonging to subgroups A (Ad12) and B (Ad3) are tumorigenic for immunocompetent animals. In these cells, the expression of MHC-class I antigens is repressed and might allow them to escape from recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and to develop in tumor.(More)
Thirty-nine temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants that fail to grow at 39.5 degrees C but develop normally at 33 degrees C have been isolated from a nitrous-acid-treated stock of a wild-type strain of type 2 human adenovirus. The frequency of ts mutants among the surviving viruses was about 10%. Complementation tests in doubly infected cell cultures at(More)
Studies were done to characterize a DNA-negative temperature-sensitive (ts) mutant of human adenovirus type 2, H2 ts111. The temperature-sensitive defect, which was reversible on shift-down in the absence of protein synthesis, was expressed as early as 2 h postinfection, and the results of density-labeling experiments are in agreement with at least a DNA(More)
The genome structures of about 100 interserotypic ts recombinants produced in crosses between human adenovirus type 2 (H2) and 5 (H5) temperature-sensitive mutants were analyzed by cleavage with restriction endonucleases to determine the map coordinates of the following temperature-sensitive mutants: penton base plus fiber-defective H2 ts103, -104, and(More)
All adenoviruses transform rodent cells in vitro, but only cells transformed by serotypes belonging to subgroups A (Ad12) and B (Ad3) are tumorigenic for immunocompetent animals. In these cells, the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens is repressed and might allow them to escape from recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes(More)