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Part I discusses the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), designed to measure scales assessing psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, physical demands, and job insecurity. Part II describes the reliability of the JCQ scales in a cross-national context using 10,288 men and 6,313 women from 6 studies conducted in 4 countries. Substantial(More)
PURPOSE Little is known about factors increasing likelihood of not working among breast cancer survivors compared with women in the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted in Quebec, Canada, based on the consecutive series of working women aged younger than 60 years when first treated for breast(More)
CONTEXT There is evidence that job strain increases the risk of a first coronary heart disease (CHD) event. However, little is known about its association with the risk of recurrent CHD events after a first myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVE To determine whether job strain increases the risk of recurrent CHD events. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated whether cumulative exposure to job strain increases blood pressure. METHODS A prospective study of 8395 white-collar workers was initiated during 1991 to 1993. At follow-up, 7.5 years later, 84% of the participants were reassessed to estimate cumulative exposure to job strain. RESULTS Compared with men who had never been exposed,(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of a workplace intervention aimed at reducing adverse psychosocial work factors (psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, and effort-reward imbalance) and mental health problems among care providers. METHODS A quasi-experimental design with a control group was used. Pre-intervention (71% response(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the effect of an ergonomic training program on workstation changes and on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among video display unit (VDU) users at a large university. METHODS A pretest-posttest design with a reference group was used with random allocation of administrative and geographic units. In each group, the(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer may adversely affect work experience. We assessed whether there was evidence of discrimination at work, defined as negative or involuntary changes in employment situation (including changes in position, wages, and other conditions), associated with a breast cancer diagnosis in a population-based retrospective cohort study conducted(More)
BACKGROUND In epidemiological studies on neck-shoulder disorders, physical examination by health professionals, although more expensive, is usually considered a better method of data collection than self-administered questionnaires on symptoms. However, little is known on the comparison of these two methods of data collection. The agreement between(More)
The models most commonly used, to study the effects of psychosocial work factors on workers' health, are the demand-control-support (DCS) model and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model. An emerging body of research has identified Organisational Justice as another model that can help to explain deleterious health effects. This review aimed: (1) to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE Prospective studies have shown that effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work is associated with the incidence of a first coronary heart disease (CHD) event. However, it is unknown whether ERI at work increases the risk of recurrent CHD events. The objective of this study was to determine whether ERI at work and its components (effort and reward)(More)