Chantal Brisson

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Part I discusses the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ), designed to measure scales assessing psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, physical demands, and job insecurity. Part II describes the reliability of the JCQ scales in a cross-national context using 10,288 men and 6,313 women from 6 studies conducted in 4 countries. Substantial(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer may adversely affect work experience. We assessed whether there was evidence of discrimination at work, defined as negative or involuntary changes in employment situation (including changes in position, wages, and other conditions), associated with a breast cancer diagnosis in a population-based retrospective cohort study conducted(More)
PURPOSE Little is known about factors increasing likelihood of not working among breast cancer survivors compared with women in the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS A population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted in Quebec, Canada, based on the consecutive series of working women aged younger than 60 years when first treated for breast(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the effect of an ergonomic training program on workstation changes and on the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among video display unit (VDU) users at a large university. METHODS A pretest-posttest design with a reference group was used with random allocation of administrative and geographic units. In each group, the(More)
BACKGROUND Absence from work after breast cancer diagnosis may be part of the burden of disease for women with cancer, but little research has addressed this. We examined work absences of 4 weeks or more among women who had had breast cancer during the 3 years after diagnosis and compared their absences with those of women who had never had cancer. (More)
The models most commonly used, to study the effects of psychosocial work factors on workers' health, are the demand-control-support (DCS) model and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model. An emerging body of research has identified Organisational Justice as another model that can help to explain deleterious health effects. This review aimed: (1) to identify(More)
CONTEXT There is evidence that job strain increases the risk of a first coronary heart disease (CHD) event. However, little is known about its association with the risk of recurrent CHD events after a first myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVE To determine whether job strain increases the risk of recurrent CHD events. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS(More)
OBJECTIVES In line with Karasek's job strain model, the objective of the study was to determine whether workers submitted to high job strain, a combination of high psychological demand and low decision latitude, develop more psychological distress than workers not submitted to high job strain. A second objective was to determine whether social support at(More)
OBJECTIVES A growing body of research has investigated the adverse effects of psychosocial work factors on blood pressure (BP) elevation. There is now a clear need for an up-to-date, critical synthesis of reliable findings on this topic. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the adverse effects of psychosocial work factors of both the(More)
OBJECTIVE Prospective studies have shown that effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work is associated with the incidence of a first coronary heart disease (CHD) event. However, it is unknown whether ERI at work increases the risk of recurrent CHD events. The objective of this study was to determine whether ERI at work and its components (effort and reward)(More)