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Identification and characterization of functional elements in the noncoding regions of genomes is an elusive and time-consuming activity whose output does not keep up with the pace of genome sequencing. Hundreds of bacterial genomes lay unexploited in terms of noncoding sequence analysis, although they may conceal a wide diversity of novel RNA genes,(More)
SecM is expressed from the secM-secA operon and activates the expression of secA in response to secretion defects. The 3'-end of secM encodes an "arrest sequence," which can interact with the ribosomal exit tunnel, preventing complete secM translation under secretion-defective conditions. In a cis-acting manner, ribosome stalling enhances secA translation.(More)
Using an experimental approach, we investigated the RNome of the pathogen Staphylococcus aureus to identify 30 small RNAs (sRNAs) including 14 that are newly confirmed. Among the latter, 10 are encoded in intergenic regions, three are generated by premature transcription termination associated with riboswitch activities, and one is expressed from the(More)
Trans-translation is a process that adds a hydrophobic peptide tag to the C-terminus of polypeptides, which causes them to become unstable. We designed a genetic screen to identify factors involved in the degradation of trans-translated products, using the green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to the trans-translation tag as a reporter. Two screens were(More)
The RNA-binding protein Hfq is involved in stress and virulence of several pathogens, probably due to its role as mediator in small RNA (sRNA)-mRNA interactions. In this study, we investigate the function of Hfq in the Gram-positive pathogen Staphylococcus aureus, by constructing hfq null mutant derivatives. We report that unexpectedly, in S. aureus, Hfq(More)
Adaptation to extracytoplasmic stress in Escherichia coli depends on the activation of sigmaE, normally sequestered by the membrane protein RseA. SigmaE is released in response to stress through the successive RseA cleavage by DegS and the RIP protease RseP. SigmaE and proteases that free it from RseA are essential. We isolated a multicopy suppressor that(More)
YajL is the closest prokaryotic homolog of the parkinsonism-associated protein DJ-1 (40% sequence identity and similar three-dimensional structure), a protein of unknown function involved in the cellular response to oxidative stress. We report here that a yajL mutant of Escherichia coli displays an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. It also exhibits(More)
The expression of trans-acting small RNAs in firmicutes has been poorly documented to date. This gap is being filled quickly in the genus Staphylococcus, which is both a model firmicute and an important human pathogen. Here we analyze RsaOG, a novel small RNA family specific to Staphylococcus and highly transcribed. This well conserved element, first(More)
In Escherichia coli, adaptation to extra-cytoplasmic stress relies on sigma(E) activation to induce a rescue pathway. Under non-stressed conditions, sigma(E) is sequestered by the inner membrane protein RseA. Extra-cytoplasmic stress activates DegS-dependent cleavage of RseA, rendering RseA sensitive to further degradation by the YaeL protease. YaeL(More)
YajL is the most closely related Escherichia coli homolog of Parkinsonism-associated protein DJ-1, a protein with a yet-undefined function in the oxidative-stress response. YajL protects cells against oxidative-stress-induced protein aggregation and functions as a covalent chaperone for the thiol proteome, including FeS proteins. To clarify the cellular(More)