Chantal Babb

Learn More
A cohort of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients in a South African admixed population was investigated to determine if the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms FokI, ApaI, and TaqI are associated with TB susceptibility or time to sputum conversion, and to investigate other clinical and demographic factors affecting the rate of response to treatment.(More)
Cancer is projected to become a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries in the future. However, cancer incidence in South Africa is largely under-reported because of a lack of nationwide cancer surveillance networks. We describe present cancer surveillance activities in South Africa, and use the International(More)
BACKGROUND The National Cancer Registry (NCR) was established as a pathology-based cancer reporting system. From 2005 to 2007, private health laboratories withheld cancer reports owing to concerns regarding voluntary sharing of patient data. OBJECTIVES To estimate the impact of under-reported cancer data from private health laboratories. METHODS A(More)
Fifty newborn infants of less than 33 weeks' gestation were followed prospectively from birth with serial coagulation and real-time ultrasound studies. A significant association of hypocoagulability in the first four hours of life with subsequent onset or progression of intraventricular or other clinical hemorrhages was documented. Abnormalities included(More)
Susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB) in mice has recently been attributed to the Ipr1 gene. Polymorphisms in the human homologue, SP110, have been investigated in various populations with only one study finding an association with TB susceptibility. We investigated eight SP110 polymorphisms in a South African population, including two novel polymorphisms. No(More)
Southern Africa harbors several population groups representing a diversity of gene pool origins. This provides a unique opportunity to study genetic disease predisposition in these populations against a common environmental background. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association studies of these populations could improve knowledge on inter-population(More)
Prostate cancer is one of the most common male cancers globally; however little is known about prostate cancer in Africa. Incidence data for prostate cancer in South Africa (SA) from the pathology based National Cancer Registry (1986-2006) and data on mortality (1997-2009) from Statistics SA were analysed. World standard population denominators were used to(More)
Epidemiological and mechanistic evidence on the causative role of human papillomaviruses (HPV) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is unclear. We retrieved alcohol- and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded ESCC tissues from 133 patients seropositive for antibodies against HPV early proteins, from high-incidence ESCC regions: South Africa, China and(More)
We present common cytogenetic features in the largest cohort of plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) of the oral cavity published to date. This cohort included 45 patients, 32 of whom had a known HIV status, of which 31 were HIV positive. Ninety eight per cent of all PBL cases were known to be EBV positive. In line with previous studies, we found that(More)
Little is known about the incidence patterns of hematologic malignancies in Sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. We estimated incidence rates of pathology-confirmed adult cases of leukemia, myeloma and related diseases (myeloma), Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) reported to the National Cancer Registry of South Africa (NCR)(More)