Learn More
In our previous study, we clearly demonstrated the roles of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and IL-6, and subsequent reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation on the pathogenesis of cisplatin ototoxicity in vitro and in vivo. ROS generation in cisplatin-treated HEI-OC1 auditory cells was also(More)
The ototoxicity of cisplatin, a widely used chemotherapeutic agent, involves a number of mechanisms, including perturbation of redox status, increase in lipid peroxidation, and formation of DNA adducts. In this study, we demonstrate that cisplatin increased the early immediate release and de novo synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α,(More)
Dysfunction in immune surveillance during anticancer chemotherapy of patients often causes weakness of the host defense system and a subsequent increase in microbial infections. However, the deterioration of organ-specific function related to microbial challenges in cisplatin-treated patients has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated(More)
Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a potent carcinogen, has been shown to induce apoptosis via activation of caspase-3. However, the upstream of caspase-3 and other apoptosis signaling remain to be elusive. Herein, we demonstrated that treatment of Hepa1c1c7 cells with BaP increased the transcriptional expression of aryl hydrocarbon nuclear transporter and cytochrome(More)
This study is designed to investigate the effect of morphine on glutamate-induced toxicity of primary rat neonatal astrocytes. Glutamate decreases the intracellular GSH level, and thereby induces cytolysis of astrocytes and C6 glial cells accompanied by apoptotic features. Glutamate-induced cytotoxicity is protected by morphine and antioxidants such as GSH(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether mitochondrial dysfunction and mitogen-activated protein kinase family proteins are implicated in apoptotic signaling of human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts (HTCFs) by mitomycin-C. METHODS Apoptosis was determined by Hoechst nuclei staining, agarose gel electrophoresis, and flow cytometry in HTCFs treated with 0.4 mg/mL(More)
Changes in intracellular Ca2+ level are involved in a number of intracellular events, including triggering of apoptosis. The role of intracellular calcium mobilization in cisplatin-induced hair cell death, however, is still unknown. In this study, the effect of calcium channel blocker flunarizine (Sibelium), which is used to prescribe for vertigo and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Inonotus obliquus (Chaga mushroom), one of the widely known medicinal mushrooms, has been used to treat various cancers in Russia and most of Baltic countries for many centuries. AIM OF THE STUDY To examine the anti-proliferative effects of Inonotus obliquus extract on melanoma B16-F10 cells. Furthermore, to assess the(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the rate-limiting enzyme of heme catabolism, is known to modulate various cellular functions, including cytokine production, cell proliferation, and apoptosis, in stress-related conditions. However, the role of HO-1 in the auditory system remains elusive. Herein, we demonstrate that pharmacologic induction of HO-1 along with(More)
Hair cells at the base of the cochlea appear to be more susceptible to damage by the aminoglycoside gentamicin than those at the apex. However, the mechanism of base-to-apex gradient ototoxicity by gentamicin remains to be elucidated. We report here that gentamicin caused rodent cochlear hair cell damages in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Hair cells at(More)