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In conventional open thyroidectomy, it is necessary to create a sub-platysma muscle flap in front of the strap muscle to provide working space. Adhesion between the flap and the strap muscle can occur after the operation, disrupting strap muscle movement and causing a swallowing disorder. Gasless transaxillary endoscopic thyroidectomy approaches the thyroid(More)
PURPOSE Nipple sparing mastectomy provides good cosmetic results and low local recurrence rates for breast cancer patients. However, there is a potential risk of leaving an occult tumor within the nipple, which could lead to cancer relapse and poor prognosis for the patient. The objective of this study was to investigate the occult nipple involvement rate(More)
Although psammoma bodies (PB) are found in up to 50 % of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC), their clinicopathological significance remains uncertain. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinicopathological significance of PB and the correlation between PB and ultrasonographic intratumoral calcification in PTC. The clinicopathological(More)
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is involved in proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis in various malignancies; however, the role of NF-κB in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role and clinicopathological significance of the NF-κB signaling pathway in PTC. We investigated NF-κB RelA(More)
All 258 patients were diagnosed as classical variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in the present study. In 2010, at our institution (The Breast and Thyroid Cancer Center of Kangbuk Samsung Hospital), follicular variant of PTC was diagnosed in six patients; however, no patient was diagnosed as other variants, including tall cell and columnar cell(More)
Ovarian function suppression (OFS) has been shown to be effective as adjuvant endocrine therapy in premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. However, it is currently unclear if addition of OFS to standard tamoxifen therapy after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy results in a survival benefit. In 2008, the Korean Breast Cancer(More)
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