Changwon Yoo

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In this study we have identified key genes that are critical in development of astrocytic tumors. Meta-analysis of microarray studies which compared normal tissue to astrocytoma revealed a set of 646 differentially expressed genes in the majority of astrocytoma. Reverse engineering of these 646 genes using Bayesian network analysis produced a gene network(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) is known to be increased in HIV infected patients and illicit drug users are linked with severity of viral replication, disease progression, and impaired immune functions. Studies have shown that cocaine accelerates HIV infection and disease progression mediated by immune cells. Dendritic cells (DC) are the first line of antigen(More)
In this article we introduce modern statistical machine learning and bioinformatics approaches that have been used in learning statistical relationships from big data in medicine and behavioral science that typically include clinical, genomic (and proteomic) and environmental variables. Every year, data collected from biomedical and behavioral science is(More)
We present a combined environmental epidemiologic, genomic, and bioinformatics approach to identify: exposure of environmental chemicals with estrogenic activity; epidemiologic association between endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) and health effects, such as, breast cancer or endometriosis; and gene-EDC interactions and disease associations. Human(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive type of human brain tumor. Although considerable efforts to delineate the underlying pathophysiological pathways have been made during the last decades, only very limited progress on treatment have been achieved because molecular pathways that drive the aggressive nature of GBM are largely(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients can experience urinary retention (UR) after Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) that requires bladder distension during the procedure. The aim of this retrospective study is to identify factors affecting the UR after HoLEP. MATERIALS AND METHODS 336 patients, which underwent HoLEP for a symptomatic benign prostatic(More)
PURPOSE To identify non-invasive clinical parameters to predict urodynamic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using causal Bayesian networks (CBN). SUBJECTS AND METHODS From October 2004 to August 2013, 1,381 eligible BPH patients with complete data were selected for analysis. The following clinical(More)
The molecular mechanism unraveling why a particular type of pediatric brain tumor (pBT) behaves so differently from child to child or genetic/epigenetic changes in the mitochondrial genome vary from tumor to tumor is not clearly understood. Despite the identification of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in different types of pBT, the contribution of(More)
During the development of an individual from a single cell to prenatal stages to adolescence to adulthood and through the complete life span, humans are exposed to countless environmental and stochastic factors, including estrogenic endocrine disrupting chemicals. Brain cells and neural circuits are likely to be influenced by estrogenic endocrine disruptors(More)
HIV subtypes or clades differentially induce HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and substance abuse is known to accelerate HIV disease progression. The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 plays a major role in binding and budding in the central nervous system (CNS) and impacts dopaminergic functions. However, the mechanisms utilized by HIV-1 clades to(More)