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A novel conjugated side-chain polymer (PBDT-TID), based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) and isoindigo (ID) moieties, was designed and synthesized. The new polymer exhibited excellent microphase separation in active layers. Bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells fabricated from PBDT-TID and PC61BM showed promising power conversion efficiencies of(More)
Agroforestry has large potential for carbon (C) sequestration while providing many economical, social, and ecological benefits via its diversified products. Airborne lidar is considered as the most accurate technology for mapping aboveground biomass (AGB) over landscape levels. However, little research in the past has been done to study AGB of agroforestry(More)
Mycobacterium abscessus (MAB), which manifests in the pulmonary system, is one of the neglected causes of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection. Treatment against MAB is difficult, characterized by its intrinsic antibiotic drug resistance. Lysine acetylation can alter the physiochemical property of proteins in living organisms. This study aimed to(More)
We investigated the nature of the cohesive energy between graphane sheets via multiple CH···HC interactions, using density functional theory (DFT) including dispersion correction (Grimme's D3 approach) computations of [n]graphane σ dimers (n = 6-73). For comparison, we also evaluated the binding between graphene sheets that display prototypical π/π(More)
The generalized anomeric effect refers to the conformational preference of a gauche structure over an anti structure for molecules with a R-X-C-Y moiety. Whereas there are conflicting reports regarding the origin of this ubiquitous effect, a general consensus is that both the steric (more specifically electrostatic) and hyperconjugative interactions(More)
Coniferous forest (Pinus massoniana community), pine-borad leaved mixed forest (Pinus massoniana + Castanopsis kawakamii + Schima superba + Liquidambar formosana) and evergreen broad-leaved forest (Ixonanthes chinensis + Artocarpus styacifolius + Ormosia glaberrima + Cryptocarya concinna) are the three main communities representing 3 major stages in a(More)
The combination of trimethoprim (TMP) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) has been shown to be active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) in clinical tuberculosis (TB) treatment. However, the mechanism of action of TMP-SMX against Mtb is still unknown. To unravel this, we have studied the effect of TMP and SMX by deleting the folP2 gene in Mycobacterium(More)
The wide-ranging applications of the halogen bond (X-bond), notably in self-assembling materials and medicinal chemistry, have placed this weak intermolecular interaction in a center of great deal of attention. There is a need to elucidate the physical nature of the halogen bond for better understanding of its similarity and differences vis-à-vis other weak(More)
Two different and complementary computational methods were used to determine the contributions by inductive/field effects and by electron-delocalization effects toward the enhancement of the gas-phase deprotonation enthalpy of sulfuric acid over ethanol. Our alkylogue extrapolation method employed density functional theory calculations to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study mutations in the GJB2 gene in Kazak patients with nonsyndromic hearing impairment from Xinjiang. METHOD One hundred and ninety-three cases of Kazak from the Xinjiang region, including 97 cases of hearing loss and 96 cases of normal people, were performed mutational analysis of the GJB2 coding region by PCR-direct sequencing. RESULT(More)