Changshan Wang

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Among mammals, only eutherians and marsupials are viviparous and have genomic imprinting that leads to parent-of-origin-specific differential gene expression. We used comparative analysis to investigate the origin of genomic imprinting in mammals. PEG10 (paternally expressed 10) is a retrotransposon-derived imprinted gene that has an essential role for the(More)
Loss-of-function mutations of EZH2, a catalytic component of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), are observed in ~\n10% of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), but are rare in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Recent studies have shown that EZH2 mutations are often associated with RUNX1 mutations in MDS patients, although its pathological function(More)
Numerous studies have recently reported mutations involving multiple components of the messenger RNA (mRNA) splicing machinery in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). SF3B1 is mutated in 70% to 85% of refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS) patients and is highly associated with the presence of RARS, although the pathological role of(More)
Responding to various stimuli is indispensable for the maintenance of homeostasis. The downregulation of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) transcription is one of the mechanisms involved in the response to stimuli by various cellular processes, such as cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Cell differentiation is caused by intra- and extracellular stimuli and is associated(More)
EZH2 is a component of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) and functions as an H3K27 methyltransferase. Loss-of-function mutations in EZH2 are associated with poorer outcomes in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), particularly those with primary myelofibrosis (MF [PMF]). To determine how EZH2 insufficiency is involved in the pathogenesis of(More)
PURPOSE Precise understanding of radiation effects is critical to development of new modalities for the prevention and treatment of radiation-induced damage. In this study, we evaluated the effects of non-lethal doses of X-ray irradiation on human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) reconstituted in NOD/Shi-scid, IL2Rγ(null) (NOG) immunodeficient(More)
Recent genome sequencing revealed inactivating mutations in EZH2, which encodes an enzymatic component of polycomb-repressive complex 2 (PRC2), in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), and MDS/MPN overlap disorders. We herein demonstrated that the hematopoietic-specific deletion of Ezh2 in mice induced(More)
During T-cell development, Cd8 expression is controlled via dynamic regulation of its cis-regulatory enhancer elements. Insufficiency of enhancer activity causes variegated Cd8 expression in CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive (DP) thymocytes. Brd1 is a subunit of the Hbo1 histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex responsible for acetylation of histone H3 at lysine(More)
BACKGROUND Human cord blood (hCB) is the main source of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSCs/PCs) for transplantation. Efforts to overcome relative shortages of HSCs/PCs have led to technologies to expand HSCs/PCs ex vivo. However, methods suitable for clinical practice have yet to be fully established. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this(More)
Age-related thymic involution is accompanied by a decrease in thymopoiesis and, thus, a deficiency in T cell-mediated immunity in the elderly. A number of events involved in thymic involution have been discovered; however, it remains unclear as to whether they are causes or consequences of thymic involution. These events include the degeneration of T cell(More)