Changrun Guo

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Oxymatrine, a quinolizidine alkaloid, has been widely used for the treatment of hepatitis. In this study, we investigated the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects and new pharmacological activities of oxymatrine, in a high-fat diet and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The results demonstrated that oxymatrine could significantly decrease fasting(More)
Diabetic nephropathy, one of the most common and serious vascular complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, has become a major contributor of end-stage renal failure. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects and possible underlying action mechanism(s) of oxymatrine on renal damage in diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in male(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a complex disease that potentially involves increased production of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) and elevated aldose reductase (AR) activity, which are related with oxidative stress and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of hesperidin on retinal and plasma abnormalities in(More)
PURPOSE Echinacoside (ECH), isolated from Cistanche tubulosa (Schrenk) R. Wight stems, has been reported to enhance bone regeneration in MC3T3-E1 cells in vitro. The objectives of this study were to investigate the antiosteoporotic effect of ECH on bone metabolism in the ovariectomized (OVX) rat model of osteoporosis in vivo. METHODS Fifty-six aged 6(More)
Gout is a metabolic disorder associated with hyperuricemia resulting in the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints and tissues. Lowering serum uric acid (Sur) levels and anti-inflammation are highly essential in treating gout. Chlorogenic acid (CA), as one of the most abundant polyphenols in the Chinese medicines, has been rarely reported(More)
BACKGROUND High dietary fructose can cause metabolic syndrome and renal injury. PURPOSE The effects of protodioscin on metabolic syndrome and renal injury were investigated in mice receiving high-dose fructose. METHODS Mice received 30% (w/v) fructose in water and standard chow for 6 weeks to induce metabolic syndrome and were divided into four groups(More)
BACKGROUND Polygala tenuifolia Willd is a Traditional Chinese Medicine used for the treatment of learning and memory deficits. Triterpenoid saponins, the main bioactive compounds of Polygala tenuifolia Willd, are easily hydrolyzed to polygalacic acid (PA). PURPOSE The present study was undertaken to investigate the neuroprotective effects of PA on(More)
This study was designed to investigate the action of timosaponin B-II, a main bioactive compound in Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge, on the prevention from high glucose-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the potential mechanisms involved. The results showed that compared with the normal control group,(More)
Mahonia bealei is a Chinese folk medicine used to treat various ailments, in particular gastrointestinal inflammation‑related illnesses, and palmatine is one of its active constituents. In this study, ApcMin/+ mice, a genetically engineered model, were used to investigate the effects of palmatine on the initiation and progression of gut inflammation and(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the enhancing effects and the mechanism of monocyclic monoterpene penetration enhancers (menthol and menthone) on the transdermal absorption of ligustrazine hydrochloride (LH). Franz-type diffusion cells were used to determine percutaneous parameters of LH in vitro and surface changes of porcine skin were studied by(More)