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In this paper, we make a performance comparison between convolutional(171,133) codes (CC), concatenated RS(255,239)-convolutional(171,133) codes (RS-CC) and LDPC(672,336) based on 60GHz single carrier physical layer (SC-PHY). With the effect of phase noise and non-linear distortion of power amplifier (NLPA) taken into account, RS-CC reveals higher(More)
The progression of podocytopathies is quite variable among patients and the underlying reason for this remains unclear. Here, we report that autophagic activity in podocytes plays a critical role in controlling the progression of podocytopathies. Morphological and biochemical studies on renal biopsies from patients with minimal change disease (MCD) or focal(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential for podocyte homeostasis, and the miR-30 family may be responsible for this action. However, the exact roles and clinical relevance of miR-30s remain unknown. In this study, we examined the expression of the miR-30 family in the podocytes of patients with FSGS and found that all members are downregulated. Treating cultured(More)
To explore the possibilities of a novel multiplex real-time PCR system for rapid diagnosis, genetic typing of serovars and clinical application in NGU, we developed a multiplex real-time PCR system for the simultaneous diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma parvum and Ureaplasma urealyticum and molecular detection of serovars of C. trachomatis and(More)
Calcium/calcineurin signaling is critical for normal cellular physiology. Abnormalities in this pathway cause many diseases, including podocytopathy; therefore, understanding the mechanisms that underlie the regulation of calcium/calcineurin signaling is essential. Here, we showed that critical components of calcium/calcineurin signaling, including TRPC6,(More)
The mechanisms underlying doxorubicin (Dox) resistance in colon cancer cells are not fully understood. MicroRNA (miRNA) play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. However, the relationship between miRNA and Dox resistance in colon cancer cells has not been previously explored. In this study, we utilized microRNA array and real-time PCR to(More)
We report 2 cases of familial multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 syndrome (MEN 1) in related Malaysian Chinese individuals: the son had simultaneous primary lesions in the pancreatic tail, parathyroid, adrenal gland, and hypophysis, with metastatic tumors in the left lung, mediastinum and spine; his mother had simultaneous primary lesions in the pancreatic(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study aimed to identify urinary microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers for FSGS disease activity. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Candidate urinary miRNAs were identified in pooled urine samples from patients with active FSGS (FSGS-A) and FSGS in remission (FSGS-CR), and were then validated using individual samples.(More)
Podocytopathy and tubular interstitial fibrosis impact on renal outcomes of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We found that level of miR-21 was up regulated in both glomerular and tubular-interstitial tissues of patients with IgAN. Enhanced expression of miR-21 mainly located in podocytes and tubular cells. Mesangial cell derived cytokines contributed to the increase(More)