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The biogenesis of peroxisomal matrix and membrane proteins is substantially different from the biogenesis of proteins of other subcellular compartments, such as mitochondria and chloroplasts, that are of endosymbiotic origin. Proteins are targeted to the peroxisome matrix through interactions between specific targeting sequences and receptor proteins,(More)
Pichia pastoris (Pp) Pex8p, the only known intraperoxisomal peroxin at steady state, is targeted to peroxisomes by either the peroxisomal targeting signal (PTS) type 1 or PTS2 pathway. Until recently, all cargoes entering the peroxisome matrix were believed to require the docking and really interesting new gene (RING) subcomplexes, proteins that bridge(More)
Peroxisomes are essential organelles responsible for many metabolic reactions, such as the oxidation of very long chain and branched fatty acids, D-amino acids and polyamines, as well as the production and turnover of hydrogen peroxide. They comprise a class of organelles called microbodies, including glycosomes, glyoxysomes and Woronin bodies. Dysfunction(More)
In its role as a mobile receptor for peroxisomal matrix cargo containing a peroxisomal targeting signal called PTS1, the protein Pex5 shuttles between the cytosol and the peroxisome lumen. Pex5 binds PTS1 proteins in the cytosol via its C-terminal tetratricopeptide domains and delivers them to the peroxisome lumen, where the receptor·cargo complex(More)
Peroxisomes are ubiquitous organelles present in nearly all eukaryotic cells. Conserved functions of peroxisomes encompass beta-oxidation of fatty acids and scavenging of reactive oxygen species generated from diverse peroxisomal metabolic pathways. Peroxisome content, number, and size can change quickly in response to environmental and/or developmental(More)
Traditional biochemical approaches, as well as the complementary methods of living cell fluorescence microscopy and immunofluorescence microscopy, can serve to characterize the subcellular localization of proteins and organelles. This chapter describes methods for isolation of crude organelle fractions from methanol- or oleate-grown Pichia pastoris,(More)
Peroxisomal matrix protein import uses two peroxisomal targeting signals (PTSs). Most matrix proteins use the PTS1 pathway and its cargo receptor, Pex5. The PTS2 pathway is dependent on another receptor, Pex7, and its coreceptor, Pex20. We found that during the matrix protein import cycle, the stability and dynamics of Pex7 differ from those of Pex5 and(More)
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