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Diabetes has adverse effects on the brain, especially the hippocampus, which is particularly susceptible to synaptic injury and cognitive dysfunction. The underlying mechanisms and strategies to rescue such injury and dysfunction are not well understood. Using a mouse model of type 2 diabetes (db/db mice) and a human neuronal cell line treated with high(More)
Accumulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) in synaptic mitochondria is associated with mitochondrial and synaptic injury. The underlying mechanisms and strategies to eliminate Aβ and rescue mitochondrial and synaptic defects remain elusive. Presequence protease (PreP), a mitochondrial peptidasome, is a novel mitochondrial Aβ degrading enzyme. Here, we demonstrate for(More)
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) occurs during the predementia stage of Alzheimer disease (AD) and is characterized by a decline in cognitive abilities that frequently represents a transition between normal cognition and AD dementia. Its pathogenesis is not well understood. Here, we demonstrate the direct consequences and potential mechanisms of oxidative(More)
Diabetes is considered to be a risk factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. Although recent evidence indicates that diabetes exaggerates pathologic features of AD, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. To determine whether mitochondrial perturbation is associated with the contribution of diabetes to AD progression, we characterized(More)
Notoginsenoside R1 (NTR1) is the main active ingredient of the well-known traditional Chinese herbal medicine Panax notoginseng, the root of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen. Studies demonstrated that NTR1 may have some neuronal protective effects. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by β -amyloid protein (Aβ)(More)
Mitochondrial abnormalities are well known to cause cognitive decline. However, the underlying molecular basis of mitochondria-associated neuronal and synaptic dysfunction in the diabetic brain remains unclear. Here, using a mitochondrial single-channel patch clamp and cyclophilin D (CypD)-deficient mice (Ppif -/-) with streptozotocin-induced diabetes, we(More)
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